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Re: vacuum, analyze and reindex

From: Christopher Browne <cbbrowne(at)acm(dot)org>
To: pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: vacuum, analyze and reindex
Date: 2006-02-28 13:34:01
Message-ID: 87mzgbsj3q.fsf@wolfe.cbbrowne.com (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-performance
Centuries ago, Nostradamus foresaw when jsomoza(at)pandasoftware(dot)es (Javier Somoza) would write:
>             Hi all
>             I've a question about vacuuming, ...
>             Vacuum: cleans out obsolete and deleted registers...
>             Analyze:  update statistics for the planner
>             Reindex:  rebuild indexes
>             I think the correct order to perform the database maintenance for performance is:
>             1 - Vacuum
>             2 - Reindex
>             3 - Analyze
>             So the planner is updated with the updated indexes.

There is a misunderstanding there.  The planner isn't aware of
"updates" to the indexes; it is aware of how they are defined.

ANALYZE doesn't calculate index-specific things; it calculates
statistical distributions for the contents of each column.  As soon as
it runs, the planner will be better able to choose from the available
indexes.  If you add another index, the planner will, without another
ANALYZE, be able to choose that index, if it is useful to do so, based
on the existing statistical distributions.

>             The autovacuum daemon does vacuum and analyze. Not reindex.
>             So, no way to perform it in that order.
>             What do you think?
>             How often do you reindex your tables?

If tables are being vacuumed frequently enough, the answer to that can
be "almost never."

Back in the days of 7.2, there were conditions where indexes could
bloat mercilessly, so that heavily updated tables needed a reindex
every so often.  But if you're running a reasonably modern version,
that shouldn't be necessary.
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