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Re: Postmaster using only 4-5% CPU

From: "Markus Bertheau" <mbertheau(dot)pg(at)googlemail(dot)com>
To: "Edoardo Serra" <osdevel(at)webrainstorm(dot)it>
Cc: pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: Postmaster using only 4-5% CPU
Date: 2006-03-21 14:10:56
Message-ID: 684362e10603210610n709e223ds@mail.gmail.com (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-performance
The low end server by chance doesn't have an IDE disk that lies about
write completion, or a battery backed disk controller? Try disabling
fsync on the new server to get comparable figures.

Markus Bertheau

2006/3/21, Edoardo Serra <osdevel(at)webrainstorm(dot)it>:
> Hi all,
>          I'm having a very strange performance
> problems on a fresh install of postgres 8.1.3
> I've just installed it with default option and
> --enable-thread-safety without tweaking config files yet.
>
> The import of a small SQL files into the DB (6
> tables with 166.500 total records, INSERT syntax)
> took me more than 18 minutes as shown below
> (output of  "time ./psql benchmarks < dump.sql")
>
> real 18m33.062s
> user 0m10.386s
> sys 0m7.707s
>
> The server is an
> - Intel(R) Xeon(TM) CPU 3.60GHz - 1MB L2
> - 1 GB RAM
> - 2x HDD SCSI U320 RAID 1 Hardware (HP 6i controller)
>
> The same import, tried on an another low-end
> server with a fresh install of postgres 8.1.3 gave me:
>
> real 2m4.497s
> user 0m6.234s
> sys 0m6.148s
>
> During the test, the postmaster on the first
> server (the slow one) uses only a 4% CPU, while
> on the second one it reaches 50% cpu usage
>
> I was thinking on a IO bandwidth saturation, but
> "vmstat 1" during the import shows me small values for io/bo column
>
> Searching the archive of the ml I found a Disk IO
> test I suddenly ran on the slower server as follow
>
> # time bash -c "dd if=/dev/zero of=bigfile bs=8k
> count=200000 && sync" (write test)
> # time dd if=bigfile of=/dev/null bs=8k (read test)
>
> output of "vmstat 1" during the above test follows:
>
> procs -----------memory---------- ---swap-- -----io---- --system-- ----cpu----
>   r  b   swpd   free   buff  cache   si   so    bi    bo   in    cs us sy id wa
>
> Write test
>   0 11    540   2344  12152 863456    4    0   340 27848 1709   695  6 53  0 41
>   0 11    540   2344  12180 863516    4    0    44 45500 1623   386  0  2  0 98
>   0  5    540   3168  12200 862520    0    0   264 44888 1573   315  1  2  0 97
>
> Read test
>   0  2    440   2328   6076 849120    0    0 94552     0 1550   624  3 10  0 87
>   0  2    440   2248   6104 848936    0    0 94508     0 1567   715  7 10  0 83
>   0  3    440   2824   6148 847828    0    0
> 102540   448 1511   675 14 11  0 75
>
> Values of io/(bi-bo) during the disk test are a
> lot higher than during the import operation....
>
> I really have no more clues .... :(
>
> Do you have any ideas ?
>
> Tnx in advance
>
> Regards
>
>
> Edoardo Serra
> WeBRainstorm S.r.l.
> IT, Internet services & consulting
> Via Pio FoĆ  83/C
> 10126 Torino
> Tel: +39 011 6966881
>
>
> ---------------------------(end of broadcast)---------------------------
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>

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