I've been fighting with the common workarounds for inadequate response
times on select count(*) and min(),max() on tables with tens of
millions of rows for quite a while now and understand the reasons for
the table scans.
I have applications that regularly poll a table ( ideally, the more
frequent, the better ) to learn the most recent data inside it as well
as the # of rows in it ( among a few other things ). As the databases
have grown in size, these summarizations could no longer be done on
the fly, so I wrote a database wrapper API that tracks those values
This wrapper has grown very complex and is difficult to manage across
different systems. What I'd like to do instead is implement triggers
for insert, updates, and deletes to check and/or replace a value in a
"table_stats", representing table count, min/max dates, and a few
other costly operations.. that can then be queried in short order. I
know this is a fairly common thing to do.
The thing that concerns me is dead tuples on the table_stats table. I
believe that every insert of new data in one of the monitored tables
will result in an UPDATE of the table_stats table. When thousands
( or millions ) of rows are inserted, the select performance ( even
trying with an index ) on table_stats slows down in a hurry. If I
wrap the inserts into large transactions, will it only call the update
on table_states when I commit?
Obviously I want to vacuum this table regularly to recover this. The
problem I'm running into is contention between VACUUM ( not full ) and
pg_dump ( version 8.0.12 ). My system backups takes 6 hours to run
pg_dump on a 400GB cluster directory. If the vacuum command fires
during the dump, it forces an exclusive lock and any queries will hang
until pg_dump finishes.
If I have to wait until pg_dump is finished before issuing the VACUUM
command, everything slows down significantly as the dead tuples in
table_stats pile up.
What strategy could I employ to either:
1. resolve the contention between pg_dump and vacuum, or
2. reduce the dead tuple pile up between vacuums
Thanks for reading
pgsql-performance by date
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