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Re: H800 + md1200 Performance problem

From: Tomas Vondra <tv(at)fuzzy(dot)cz>
To:
Cc: pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: H800 + md1200 Performance problem
Date: 2012-04-03 18:01:16
Message-ID: 4F7B3AEC.4000204@fuzzy.cz (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-performance
On 3.4.2012 17:42, Cesar Martin wrote:
> Yes, setting is the same in both machines. 
> 
> The results of bonnie++ running without arguments are:
> 
> Version      1.96   ------Sequential Output------ --Sequential Input-
> --Random-
>                     -Per Chr- --Block-- -Rewrite- -Per Chr- --Block--
> --Seeks--
> Machine        Size K/sec %CP K/sec %CP K/sec %CP K/sec %CP K/sec %CP
>  /sec %CP
> cltbbdd01      126G    94  99 202873  99 208327  95  1639  91 819392  88
>  2131 139
> Latency             88144us     228ms     338ms     171ms     147ms  
> 20325us
>                     ------Sequential Create------ --------Random
> Create--------
>                     -Create-- --Read--- -Delete-- -Create-- --Read---
> -Delete--
> files:max:min        /sec %CP  /sec %CP  /sec %CP  /sec %CP  /sec %CP
>  /sec %CP
> cltbbdd01        16  8063  26 +++++ +++ 27361  96 31437  96 +++++ +++
> +++++ +++
> Latency              7850us    2290us    2310us     530us      11us    
> 522us
> 
> With DD, one core of CPU put at 100% and results are  about 100-170
> MBps, that I thing is bad result for this HW:
> 
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/vol02/bonnie/DD bs=8M count=100
> 100+0 records in
> 100+0 records out
> 838860800 bytes (839 MB) copied, 8,1822 s, 103 MB/s
> 
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/vol02/bonnie/DD bs=8M count=1000 conv=fdatasync
> 1000+0 records in
> 1000+0 records out
> 8388608000 bytes (8,4 GB) copied, 50,8388 s, 165 MB/s
> 
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/vol02/bonnie/DD bs=1M count=1024 conv=fdatasync
> 1024+0 records in
> 1024+0 records out
> 1073741824 bytes (1,1 GB) copied, 7,39628 s, 145 MB/s
> 
> When monitor I/O activity with iostat, during dd, I have noticed that,
> if the test takes 10 second, the disk have activity only during last 3
> or 4 seconds and iostat report about 250-350MBps. Is it normal?

Well, you're testing writing, and the default behavior is to write the
data into page cache. And you do have 64GB of RAM so the write cache may
take large portion of the RAM - even gigabytes. To really test the I/O
you need to (a) write about 2x the amount of RAM or (b) tune the
dirty_ratio/dirty_background_ratio accordingly.

BTW what are you trying to achieve with "conv=fdatasync" at the end. My
dd man page does not mention 'fdatasync' and IMHO it's a mistake on your
side. If you want to sync the data at the end, then you need to do
something like

   time sh -c "dd ... && sync"

> I set read ahead to different values, but the results don't differ
> substantially...

Because read-ahead is for reading (which is what a SELECT does most of
the time), but the dests above are writing to the device. And writing is
not influenced by read-ahead.

To test reading, do this:

   dd if=/vol02/bonnie/DD of=/dev/null bs=8M count=1024

Tomas

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Subject: Re: H800 + md1200 Performance problem
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