At the moment, when you specify recovery_target_timeline='latest', we
scan for the latest timeline at the beginning of recovery, and pick that
as the target. If new timelines appear during recovery, we stick to the
target chosen in the beginning, the new timelines are ignored. That's
undesirable if you have one master and two standby servers, and failover
happens to one of the standbys. The other standby won't automatically
start tracking the new TLI created by the promoted new master, it
requires a restart to notice.
This was discussed a while ago:
More work needs to be done to make that work over streaming replication,
sending history files over the wire, for example, but let's take baby
steps. At the very minimum the startup process should notice new
timelines appearing in the archive. The attached patch does that.
A related issue is that we should have a check for the issue I also
mentioned in the comments:
> * If the current timeline is not part of the history of the
> * new timeline, we cannot proceed to it.
> * XXX This isn't foolproof: The new timeline might have forked from
> * the current one, but before the current recovery location. In that
> * case we will still switch to the new timeline and proceed replaying
> * from it even though the history doesn't match what we already
> * replayed. That's not good. We will likely notice at the next online
> * checkpoint, as the TLI won't match what we expected, but it's
> * not guaranteed. The admin needs to make sure that doesn't happen.
but that's a pre-existing and orthogonal issue, it can with the current
code too if you restart the standby, so let's handle that as a separate
patch. I'll focus on that next.
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