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Re: [PATCH] [v8.5] Security checks on largeobjects

From: KaiGai Kohei <kaigai(at)ak(dot)jp(dot)nec(dot)com>
To: Tom Lane <tgl(at)sss(dot)pgh(dot)pa(dot)us>
Cc: Bernd Helmle <mailings(at)oopsware(dot)de>, pgsql-hackers(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] [v8.5] Security checks on largeobjects
Date: 2009-06-30 07:13:36
Message-ID: 4A49BB20.6040401@ak.jp.nec.com (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-hackers
I concluded that the following issues should be solved when we apply
largeobject-like interfaces on the big toasted data within general
relations, not only pg_largeobject system catalog.

At first, we need to add a new strategy to store the given varlena data
on the external toast relation.
If we try to seek and fetch a certain data chunk, it is necessary to be
computable what chunk stores the required data specified by offset and
length. So, the external chunks should be uncompressed always. It is a
common requirement for both of read and write operations.
If we try to update a part of the toasted data chunks, it should not be
inlined independent from length of the datum, because we need to update
whole the tuple which contains inlined toasted chunks in this case.
If we open the toasted varlena with read-only mode, inlined one does not
prevent anything. It is an issue for only write operation.

I would like to add a new strategy on pg_type.typstorage with the following
characteristics:
 1. It always stores the given varlena data without any compression.
    So, the given data is stored as a set of fixed-length chunks.
 2. It always stores the given varlena data on external toast relation.

I suggest a new built-in type named BLOB which has an identical definition
to BYTEA type, expect for its attstorage.

Next, a different version of lo_open() should be provided to accept
BLOB type as follows:

  SELECT pictname, lo_open(pictdata, x'20000'::int) FROM my_picture;

It will allocate a largeobject descriptor for the given BLOB data,
and user can read and write using loread() and lowrite() interfaces.

issue:
  In this case, should it hold the relation handler and locks on the
  "my_picture" relation, not only its toast relation?
issue:
  Should the lo_open() with read-only mode be available on the existing
  TEXT or BYTEA types? I could not find any reason to deny them.

Next, pg_largeobject system catalog can be redefined using the BLOB
type as follows:

  CATALOG(pg_largeobject,2613)
  {
      Oid         loowner;        /* OID of the largeobject owner */
      Oid         lonsp;          /* OID of the largeobject namespace */
      aclitem     loacl[1];       /* access permissions */
      blob        lodata;         /* contents of the largeobject */
  } FormData_pg_largeobject;

The existing largeobject interfaces perform on pg_largeobject.lodata
specified by largeobject identifier.
Rest of metadata can be used for access control purpose.

Thanks,

KaiGai Kohei wrote:
> Tom Lane wrote:
>> Bernd Helmle <mailings(at)oopsware(dot)de> writes:
>>> It might be interesting to dig into your proposal deeper in conjunction 
>>> with TOAST (you've already mentioned this TODO). Having serial access with 
>>> a nice interface into TOAST would be eliminating the need for 
>>> pg_largeobject completely (i'm not a big fan of this one-big-system-table 
>>> approach the old LO interface currently is).
>> Yeah, it would be more useful probably to fix that than to add
>> decoration to the LO facility.  Making LO more usable is just going to
>> encourage people to bump into its other limitations (32-bit OIDs,
>> 32-bit object size, finite maximum size of pg_largeobject, lack of
>> dead-object cleanup, etc etc).
> 
> The reason why I tried to mention the named largeobject feature is
> that dac security checks on largeobject require them to belong to
> a certain schema, so I thought it is quite natural to have a string
> name. However, obviously, it is not a significant theme for me.
> 
> I can also agree your opinion that largeobject interfaces should be
> redefined to access partial stuff of TOAST'ed verlena data structure,
> not only pg_largeobject.
> 
> In this case, we will need a new pg_type.typstorage option which
> force to put the given verlena data on external relation without
> compression, because we cannot estimate the data offset in inlined
> or compressed external verlena data.
> 
> I'll try to submit a design within a few days.
> Thanks,


-- 
OSS Platform Development Division, NEC
KaiGai Kohei <kaigai(at)ak(dot)jp(dot)nec(dot)com>

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