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replication docs: split single vs. multi-master

From: Markus Schiltknecht <markus(at)bluegap(dot)ch>
To: pgsql-patches(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: replication docs: split single vs. multi-master
Date: 2006-11-15 10:43:27
Message-ID: 455AEF4F.3010304@bluegap.ch (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-hackerspgsql-patches
Hi,

as promised on -docs, here comes my proposal on how to improve the 
replication documentation. The patches are split as follows and have to 
be applied in order:

replication_doku_1.diff:

   Smallest possible one-word change to warm-up...


replication_doku_2.diff:

   Moves down "Clustering For Parallel Query Execution", because
   it's not a replication type, but a feature, see explanation below.


replication_doku_3.diff:

   This is the most important part, splitting all replication types
   into single- and multi-master replication.  I'm new to SGML, so
   please bear with me if this is not the right way to do it...

   "Shared-Disk-Failover" does IMO not fall into a replication category.
   Should we mention there, that 'sharing' a disk using NFS or some
   such is not recommended? (And more importantly, does not work as
   a multi-master replication solution)

   I've added a general paragraph describing Single-Master Replication.
   I'm stating that 'Single-Master Replication is always asynchronous'.
   Can anybody think of a counter example? Or a use case for sync
   Single-Master Replication? The argument to put down is: if you go
   sync, why don't you do Multi-Master right away?

   Most of the "Clustering for Load Balancing" text applies to all
   synchronous, Multi-Master Replication algorithms, even to
   "Query Broadcasting". Thus it became the general description
   of Multi-Master Replication. The section "Clustering for
   Load Balancing" has been removed.


replication_doku_4.diff:

   These are the text modifications I did to adjust to the new structure.
   I've adjusted the Multi-Master Replication text to really be
   appropriate for all existing solutions.

   "Query Broadcasting" has some corrections, mainly to stick to describe
   that algorithm there and none of the general properties of
   Multi-Master Replication.

   I've added two sections to describe 2PC and Distributed SHMEM
   algorithms which belong into that category and cover all of the
   previous text. Except that I've removed the mentioning of Oracle RAC
   in favor of Pgpool-II.


IMO this makes it clearer, what replication types exist and how to 
categorize them. I'm tempted to mention the Postgres-R algorithm as 
fourth sub-section of Multi-Master Replication, as it's quite different 
from all the others in many aspects. But I urgently need to do go to 
work now... besides, I'm heavily biased regarding Postgres-R, so 
probably someone else should write that paragraph. :-)

The only downside of the structure I'm proposing here is: the 
non-replication-algorithms fall of somewhat. Namely: "Shared-Disk 
Failover", "Data Partitioning", "Parallel Query Execution" and 
"Commercial Solutions".

For me, "Data Partitioning" as well as "Parallel Query Execution" are 
possible optimizations which can be run on top of replicated data. They 
don't replicate data and are thus not replication solutions. But 
grouping those two together would make sense.

So. I really have to go to work now!

Regards

Markus


Attachment: replication_doku_4.diff
Description: text/x-patch (5.3 KB)
Attachment: replication_doku_3.diff
Description: text/x-patch (4.9 KB)
Attachment: replication_doku_2.diff
Description: text/x-patch (3.3 KB)
Attachment: replication_doku_1.diff
Description: text/x-patch (844 bytes)

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