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Re: "undefined reference" error when compiling

From: Andrew Dunstan <andrew(at)dunslane(dot)net>
To: mark(at)maxpreps(dot)com
Cc: pgsql-hackers-win32(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: "undefined reference" error when compiling
Date: 2005-04-25 21:04:49
Message-ID: 426D5B71.7070303@dunslane.net (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-hackers-win32
You might find using the pgxs setup, new in 8.0, useful. See 
http://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/static/xfunc-c.html#XFUNC-C-PGXS

cheers

andrew

Mark Miller wrote:

> I am trying to figure out how to write extension functions and I am 
> getting “undefined reference” errors when I compile on the lines which 
> call “malloc” and “pfree”. How can I get the compiler to see the 
> functions so I can compile successfully?
>
> I installed PostgreSQL on XP Pro using the windows installer, then I 
> installed the includes (which are not part of the windows install) by 
> running the following commands:
>
> configure --without-zlib 
> --includedir=/c/progra~1/postgresql/8.0/include 
> --with-includes=/c/progra~1/postgresql/8.0/include/port/win32/*
>
> make -C src/include install
>
> Here’s the output from make when I try to compile:
>
> $ make makefile filesize.dll
>
> make: Nothing to be done for `makefile'.
>
> gcc -g -I c:/Progra~1/PostgreSQL/8.0/include -I 
> c:/Progra~1/PostgreSQL/8.0/include/server -I 
> c:/Progra~1/PostgreSQL/8.0/include/server/port/win32 -I 
> c:/Progra~1/PostgreSQL/8.0/lib -fpic -c filesize.c
>
> cc1.exe: warning: -fpic ignored for target (all code is position 
> independent)
>
> gcc -g -I c:/Progra~1/PostgreSQL/8.0/include -I 
> c:/Progra~1/PostgreSQL/8.0/include/server -I 
> c:/Progra~1/PostgreSQL/8.0/include/server/port/win32 -I 
> c:/Progra~1/PostgreSQL/8.0/lib -shared -o filesize.dll filesize.o
>
> filesize.o(.text+0x1a): In function `filesize':
>
> C:/msys/1.0/home/mark/dev/filesize.c:9: undefined reference to 
> `pg_detoast_datum'
>
> filesize.o(.text+0x3d):C:/msys/1.0/home/mark/dev/filesize.c:11: 
> undefined reference to `_imp__CurrentMemoryContext'
>
> filesize.o(.text+0x44):C:/msys/1.0/home/mark/dev/filesize.c:11: 
> undefined reference to `MemoryContextAlloc'
>
> filesize.o(.text+0x9b):C:/msys/1.0/home/mark/dev/filesize.c:19: 
> undefined reference to `pfree'
>
> filesize.o(.text+0xb1):C:/msys/1.0/home/mark/dev/filesize.c:25: 
> undefined reference to `pfree'
>
> make: *** [filesize.dll] Error 1
>
> Here’s the source I’m trying to compile (taken from PostgreSQL ch 6 by 
> Douglas and Douglas):
>
> #include "postgres.h"
>
> #include "fmgr.h"
>
> #include <sys/stat.h>
>
> PG_FUNCTION_INFO_V1(filesize);
>
> Datum filesize(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
>
> {
>
> text * fileNameText = PG_GETARG_TEXT_P(0);
>
> size_t fileNameLen = VARSIZE( fileNameText ) - VARHDRSZ;
>
> char * fileName = (char *)palloc( fileNameLen + 1 );
>
> struct stat statBuf;
>
> memcpy( fileName, VARDATA( fileNameText), fileNameLen );
>
> fileName[fileNameLen] = '\0';
>
> if( stat(fileName, &statBuf) == 0 && S_ISREG(statBuf.st_mode) )
>
> {
>
> pfree( fileName );
>
> PG_RETURN_INT32((int32)statBuf.st_size);
>
> }
>
> else
>
> {
>
> pfree( fileName );
>
> PG_RETURN_NULL();
>
> }
>
> }
>
> Here’s the makefile, from the same example but modified to include the 
> needed include directories and to output “.dll” file instead of “.so”.
>
> # File name: makefile
>
> SERVER_INCLUDES += -I $(shell pg_config --includedir)
>
> SERVER_INCLUDES += -I $(shell pg_config --includedir-server)
>
> SERVER_INCLUDES += -I $(shell pg_config --includedir-server)/port/win32
>
> SERVER_INCLUDES += -I $(shell pg_config --libdir)
>
> CFLAGS += -g $(SERVER_INCLUDES)
>
> .SUFFIXES: .dll
>
> .c.dll:
>
> $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -fpic -c $<
>
> $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -shared -o $@ $(basename $<).o
>

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