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BUG #6096: ECPG set precision of double value to 14 digits

From: "Akira Kurosawa" <kurosawa-akira(at)mxc(dot)nes(dot)nec(dot)co(dot)jp>
To: pgsql-bugs(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: BUG #6096: ECPG set precision of double value to 14 digits
Date: 2011-07-08 03:17:56
Message-ID: 201107080317.p683HuSl058678@wwwmaster.postgresql.org (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-bugs
The following bug has been logged online:

Bug reference:      6096
Logged by:          Akira Kurosawa
Email address:      kurosawa-akira(at)mxc(dot)nes(dot)nec(dot)co(dot)jp
PostgreSQL version: 8.4.5
Operating system:   Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.5
Description:        ECPG set precision of double value to 14 digits
Details: 

When I used host variable of double type in ECPG code,
the precision of the data was treated as 14 digits.

I executed following command.

--------------------------------------------------
EXEC SQL BEGIN DECLARE SECTION;

double dbl;

EXEC SQL END DECLARE SECTION;

EXEC SQL CONNECT TO testdb(at)localhost:5432 USER postgres;

dbl = 12345678901234;  -- 14 digits
EXEC SQL INSERT INTO double_table (c1) VALUES (:dbl);
dbl = 1234567890.1234;  -- 14 digits
EXEC SQL INSERT INTO double_table (c1) VALUES (:dbl);
dbl = 0.12345678901234;  -- 14 digits
EXEC SQL INSERT INTO double_table (c1) VALUES (:dbl);
dbl = 123456789012345;  -- 15 digits
EXEC SQL INSERT INTO double_table (c1) VALUES (:dbl);
dbl = 1234567890.12345;  -- 15 digits
EXEC SQL INSERT INTO double_table (c1) VALUES (:dbl);
dbl = 0.123456789012345;  -- 15 digits
EXEC SQL INSERT INTO double_table (c1) VALUES (:dbl);

EXEC SQL COMMIT;

EXEC SQL DISCONNECT;
--------------------------------------------------

Then I checked inserted data, but all data was stored by 14 digits
precision.

--------------------------------------------------
testdb=# \d double_table
      Table "public.double_table"
 Column |       Type       | Modifiers
--------+------------------+-----------
 c1     | double precision |

testdb=# SELECT * FROM double_table;
        c1
------------------
   12345678901234
  1234567890.1234
 0.12345678901234
  123456789012340
  1234567890.1235
 0.12345678901234
(6 rows)
--------------------------------------------------

The precision of double type should be 15 digits, 
and I think this result is wrong.
PostgreSQL 9.0.4 also shows the same result.

In function "ecpg_store_input:execute.c",
the value of double type is changed by sprintf to a character string
at 14 digits precision. I'm thinking this point is a problem.

  sprintf(mallocedval, "%.14g", *((double *) var->value));


Following log is result of executing same query by psql.

--------------------------------------------------
testdb=# INSERT INTO double_table VALUES ('12345678901234');
INSERT 0 1
testdb=# INSERT INTO double_table VALUES ('1234567890.1234');
INSERT 0 1
testdb=# INSERT INTO double_table VALUES ('0.12345678901234');
INSERT 0 1
testdb=# INSERT INTO double_table VALUES ('123456789012345');
INSERT 0 1
testdb=# INSERT INTO double_table VALUES ('1234567890.12345');
INSERT 0 1
testdb=# INSERT INTO double_table VALUES ('0.123456789012345');
INSERT 0 1
testdb=# SELECT * FROM double_table;
        c1
-------------------
    12345678901234
   1234567890.1234
  0.12345678901234
   123456789012345
  1234567890.12345
 0.123456789012345
(6 rows)
--------------------------------------------------

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Subject: BUG #6097: Server crash when enabling custom_variable_classes
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Subject: Re: BUG #6095: Misleading error message: INSERT has more expressions than target columns

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