Skip site navigation (1) Skip section navigation (2)

== PostgreSQL Weekly News - April 24 2011 ==

From: David Fetter <david(at)fetter(dot)org>
To: PostgreSQL Announce <pgsql-announce(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: == PostgreSQL Weekly News - April 24 2011 ==
Date: 2011-04-25 04:16:48
Message-ID: 20110425041648.GD13666@fetter.org (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-announce
== PostgreSQL Weekly News - April 24 2011 ==

New Survey: Have you used pg_upgrade?
http://www.postgresql.org/community

== PostgreSQL Product News ==

MicroOLAP Database Designer 1.8.0 Beta 2 for PostgreSQL released.
http://microolap.com/products/database/postgresql-designer/

== PostgreSQL Jobs for April ==

http://archives.postgresql.org/pgsql-jobs/2011-04/threads.php

== PostgreSQL Local ==

PostgreSQL Turkey User Group is organizing a one-day event at April
30, 2011.  Follow @PgDayTR for details in Turkish.
http://pgday.postgresql.org.tr/2011/

Open Database Camp will be on May 7-9, 2011 in Sardinia, Italy
http://datacharmer.blogspot.com/2011/01/announcing-open-database-camp-sardinia.html

PGCon will be May 19-20, 2011 at the University of Ottawa, preceded by
two days of tutorials on May 17-18.
http://www.pgcon.org/2011/

PG Session 2, on PostGIS, will be held on June 23rd in Paris.  The CfP
is open!
http://www.postgresql-sessions.org/en/2/

pgbr will be in Sao Paulo, Brazil November 3-4, 2011.
http://pgbr.postgresql.org.br/

== PostgreSQL in the News ==

Planet PostgreSQL: http://planet.postgresql.org/

PostgreSQL Weekly News is brought to you this week by David Fetter

Submit news and announcements by Sunday at 3:00pm Pacific time.
Please send English language ones to david(at)fetter(dot)org, German language
to pwn(at)pgug(dot)de, Italian language to pwn(at)itpug(dot)org(dot)  Spanish language
to pwn(at)arpug(dot)com(dot)ar(dot)

== Reviews ==

== Applied Patches ==

Robert Haas pushed:

- recoveryStopsHere() must check the resource manager ID.  Before
  commit c016ce728139be95bb0dc7c4e5640507334c2339, this wasn't needed,
  but now that multiple resource manager IDs can percolate down
  through here, we have to make sure we know which one we've got.
  Otherwise, we can confuse (for example) an XLOG_XACT_COMMIT record
  with an XLOG_CHECKPOINT_SHUTDOWN record.  Review by Jaime Casanova
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/aea1f24c2c25f01540435ded6ba611016392ef06

- Only allow typed tables to hang off composite types, not e.g.
  tables.  This also ensures that we take a relation lock on the
  composite type when creating a typed table, which is necessary to
  prevent the composite type and the typed table from getting out of
  step in the face of concurrent DDL.  Noah Misch, with some changes.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/04db0fdbfa9382730bb65f94bca2cd8063a3456a

- Allow ALTER TABLE name {OF type | NOT OF}.  This syntax allows a
  standalone table to be made into a typed table, or a typed table to
  be made standalone.  This is possibly a mildly useful feature in its
  own right, but the real motivation for this change is that we need
  it to make pg_upgrade work with typed tables.  This doesn't actually
  fix that problem, but it's necessary infrastructure.  Noah Misch.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/68739ba856c52e6721d6cffec21f1bf0327a9a7b

- Typo fix.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/0babcdf6cfdfb2a828056afc3172ec524f090fd5

- Fix use of incorrect constant RemoveRoleFromObjectACL.  This could
  cause failures when DROP OWNED BY attempt to remove default
  privileges on sequences.  Back-patching to 9.0.  Shigeru Hanada
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/8ede427938e9676d0e497406c213f098303a93f3

- Allow ALTER TYPE .. ADD ATTRIBUTE .. CASCADE to recurse to
  descendants.  Without this, adding an attribute to a typed table
  with an inheritance child fails, which is surprising.  Noah Misch,
  with minor changes by me.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/a0e8df527ec24e8dba98f295c0e2ab6ccf3e5d2c

Andrew Dunstan pushed:

- Attempt to remedy buildfarm breakage caused by commit f536d4194.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/b7b86924c6da46c774e1ab5d524a6bc4f72627ab

- Silence compiler warning about casting HANDLE to long on WIN64.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/ca5a75fbaed63f41c6e52e5d4b35470080356bdf

- Silence a few compiler warnings from gcc on MinGW.  Most of these
  cast DWORD to int or unsigned int for printf type handling.  This is
  safe even on 64 bit architectures because a DWORD is always 32 bits.
  In one case a variable is initialised to keep the compiler happy.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/d98711dfef6ade6a26aa0f4c0a775087ed13e060

Tom Lane pushed:

- Improve findoidjoins to cover more cases.  Teach the program and
  script to deal with OID-array referencing columns, which we now have
  several of.  Also, modify the recommended usage process to specify
  that the program should be run against the regression database
  rather than template1.  This lets it find numerous joins that cannot
  be found in template1 because the relevant catalogs are entirely
  empty.  Together these changes add seventeen formerly-missed cases
  to the oidjoins regression test.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/795c382e8caf27f9db2fb09d12384b8183280fee

- Improve cost estimation for aggregates and window functions.  The
  previous coding failed to account properly for the costs of
  evaluating the input expressions of aggregates and window functions,
  as seen in a recent gripe from Claudio Freire.  (I said at the time
  that it wasn't counting these costs at all; but on closer
  inspection, it was effectively charging these costs once per output
  tuple.  That is completely wrong for aggregates, and not exactly
  right for window functions either.) There was also a hard-wired
  assumption that aggregates and window functions had procost 1.0,
  which is now fixed to respect the actual cataloged costs.  The
  costing of WindowAgg is still pretty bogus, since it doesn't try to
  estimate the effects of spilling data to disk, but that seems like a
  separate issue.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/e6a30a8c3c81a7a2949f852379d34a19dfc26a0d


- Update oidjoins regression test for 9.1 catalog schema additions.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/970d8a39736fd67e3ebf406ed8129eed0767d15d

- Fix handling of collations in multi-row VALUES constructs.  Per spec
  we ought to apply select_common_collation() across the expressions
  in each column of the VALUES table.  The original coding was just
  taking the first row and assuming it was representative.  This patch
  adds a field to struct RangeTblEntry to carry the resolved
  collations, so initdb is forced for changes in stored rule
  representation.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/918854cc08868d569aad3bdf2529fc61c66ecde5

- Refrain from canonicalizing a client_encoding setting of "UNICODE".
  While "UTF8" is the correct name for this encoding, existing JDBC
  drivers expect that if they send "UNICODE" it will read back the
  same way; they fail with an opaque "Protocol error" complaint if
  not.  This will be fixed in the 9.1 drivers, but until older drivers
  are no longer in use in the wild, we'd better leave "UNICODE" alone.
  Continue to canonicalize all other inputs.  Per report from Steve
  Singer and subsequent discussion.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/390cf3209b718382c0ec9793b714422189e9b68b

- Revert "Prevent incorrect updates of pg_index while reindexing
  pg_index itself." This reverts commit
  4b6106ccfea21e86943f881edcf3cfc03661a415 of 2011-04-15.  There's a
  better way to do it, which will follow shortly.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/c096d19b74a637443109e528000342e896b150f3

- Avoid changing an index's indcheckxmin horizon during REINDEX.
  There can never be a need to push the indcheckxmin horizon forward,
  since any HOT chains that are actually broken with respect to the
  index must pre-date its original creation.  So we can just avoid
  changing pg_index altogether during a REINDEX operation.  This
  offers a cleaner solution than my previous patch for the problem
  found a few days ago that we mustn't try to update pg_index while we
  are reindexing it.  System catalog indexes will always be created
  with indcheckxmin = false during initdb, and with this modified code
  we should never try to change their pg_index entries.  This avoids
  special-casing system catalogs as the former patch did, and should
  provide a performance benefit for many cases where REINDEX formerly
  caused an index to be considered unusable for a short time.
  Back-patch to 8.3 to cover all versions containing HOT.  Note that
  this patch changes the API for index_build(), but I believe it is
  unlikely that any add-on code is calling that directly.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/8c19977e9c515cc29af449a7ab6c25e496f539f3

- Make plan_cluster_use_sort cope with no IndexOptInfo for the target
  index.  The original coding assumed that such a case represents
  caller error, but actually get_relation_info will omit generating an
  IndexOptInfo for any index it thinks is unsafe to use.  Therefore,
  handle this case by returning "true" to indicate that a
  seqscan-and-sort is the preferred way to implement the CLUSTER
  operation.  New bug in 9.1, no backpatch needed.  Per bug #5985 from
  Daniel Grace.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/5b8e442953da0bf4950b86c7cb4a6117842aedf7

- Set indcheckxmin true when REINDEX fixes an invalid or not-ready
  index.  Per comment from Greg Stark, it's less clear that HOT chains
  don't conflict with the index than it would be for a valid index.
  So, let's preserve the former behavior that indcheckxmin does get
  set when there are potentially-broken HOT chains in this case.  This
  change does not cause any pg_index update that wouldn't have
  happened anyway, so we're not re-introducing the previous bug with
  pg_index updates, and surely the case is not significant from a
  performance standpoint; so let's be as conservative as possible.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/9ad7e15507ffa14f51d80d6ae3ed942ea191826d

- Fix bugs in indexing of in-doubt HOT-updated tuples.  If we find a
  DELETE_IN_PROGRESS HOT-updated tuple, it is impossible to know
  whether to index it or not except by waiting to see if the deleting
  transaction commits.  If it doesn't, the tuple might again be LIVE,
  meaning we have to index it.  So wait and recheck in that case.
  Also, we must not rely on ii_BrokenHotChain to decide that it's
  possible to omit tuples from the index.  That could result in
  omitting tuples that we need, particularly in view of yesterday's
  fixes to not necessarily set indcheckxmin (but it's broken even
  without that, as per my analysis today).  Since this is just an
  extremely marginal performance optimization, dropping the test
  shouldn't hurt.  These cases are only expected to happen in system
  catalogs (they're possible there due to early release of
  RowExclusiveLock in most catalog-update code paths).  Since
  reindexing of a system catalog isn't a particularly
  performance-critical operation anyway, there's no real need to be
  concerned about possible performance degradation from these changes.
  The worst aspects of this bug were introduced in 9.0 --- 8.x will
  always wait out a DELETE_IN_PROGRESS tuple.  But I think dropping
  index entries on the strength of ii_BrokenHotChain is dangerous even
  without that, so back-patch removal of that optimization to 8.3 and
  8.4.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/520bcd9c9bb4d06627054e1c567bac1feb2da879

- Avoid possible divide-by-zero in gincostestimate.  Per report from
  Jeff Janes.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/92647fc4b9cd7406afb2ee240a20082ba6097177

- Make a code-cleanup pass over the collations patch.  This patch is
  almost entirely cosmetic --- mostly cleaning up a lot of neglected
  comments, and fixing code layout problems in places where the patch
  made lines too long and then pgindent did weird things with that.  I
  did find a bug-of-omission in equalTupleDescs().
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/9e9b9ac7d1860fbb98eb4db17a94ff25524b6447

- De-kludge contrib/btree_gin for collations.  Using
  DEFAULT_COLLATION_OID in the comparePartial functions was not only a
  lame hack, but outright wrong, because the compare functions for
  collation-aware types were already responding to the declared index
  collation.  So comparePartial would have the wrong expectation about
  the index's sort order, possibly leading to missing matches for
  prefix searches.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/474ff212e5c2e89a9955cc2355cb96b2fe40398e

- Make GIN and GIST pass the index collation to all their support
  functions.  Experimentation with contrib/btree_gist shows that the
  majority of the GIST support functions potentially need collation
  information.  Safest policy seems to be to pass it to all of them,
  instead of making assumptions about which ones could possibly need
  it.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/ae20bf1740c53494e15fadfd8c2c6444032a3441

- Fix contrib/btree_gist to handle collations properly.  Make use of
  the collation attached to the index column, instead of hard-wiring
  DEFAULT_COLLATION_OID.  (Note: in theory this could require
  reindexing btree_gist indexes on textual columns, but I rather doubt
  anyone has one with a non-default declared collation as yet.)
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/bb850306307d3d6ebb611c4039ae127236eb1699

- Fix char2wchar/wchar2char to support collations properly.  These
  functions should take a pg_locale_t, not a collation OID, and should
  call mbstowcs_l/wcstombs_l where available.  Where those functions
  are not available, temporarily select the correct locale with
  uselocale().  This change removes the bogus assumption that all
  locales selectable in a given database have the same wide-character
  conversion method; in particular, the collate.linux.utf8 regression
  test now passes with LC_CTYPE=C, so long as the database encoding is
  UTF8.  I decided to move the char2wchar/wchar2char functions out of
  mbutils.c and into pg_locale.c, because they work on wchar_t not
  pg_wchar_t and thus don't really belong with the mbutils.c
  functions.  Keeping them where they were would have required
  importing pg_locale_t into pg_wchar.h somehow, which did not seem
  like a good plan.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/2ab0796d7a3a7116a79b65531fd33f1548514b52

- Adjust comments about collate.linux.utf8 regression test.  This test
  should now work in any database with UTF8 encoding, regardless of
  the database's default locale.  The former restriction was really
  "doesn't work if default locale is C", and that was because of not
  handling mbstowcs/wcstombs correctly.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/1abd146dddc1dc5efff5ccac065c460108acbaa9

- Hash indexes had better pass the index collation to support
  functions, too.  Per experimentation with contrib/citext, whose hash
  function assumes that it'll be passed a collation.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/a0b75a41a907e1582acdb8aa6ebb9cacca39d7d8

Heikki Linnakangas pushed:

- Silence compiler warning about unused variable on Windows.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/a7cb69a5a345fe9ba481a035559d77abd07791d9

- Quotes in strings injected into bki file need to escaped.  In
  particular, "People's Republic of China" locale on Windows was
  causing initdb to fail.  This fixes bug #5818 reported by yulei.  On
  master, this makes the mapping of "People's Republic of China" to
  just "China" obsolete. In 9.0 and 8.4, just fix the escaping.
  Earlier versions didn't have locale names in bki file.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/2b919118c2511c7741c21f325d2ca4f270aa3aba

Peter Eisentraut pushed:

- Avoid unused variable warnings for certain configurations.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/001cbb145f3250b0d69d6be3d5fa0236e1a261dc

- Add gitignore entries for Windows MSVC builds
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/63e9c5b71b3b8afa772a5f4e5ee7179f77f87050

- Fix typo
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/908eb1f98bd9f81613cf4c14d6ab5877815c7b50

- Treat config.pl as optional in vcregress.pl.  This is how build.pl
  treats it and how it's documented.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/2e8d9544752a7d68cb46f028a4f16ab0eb76c26e

- Refix the unaccent regression test on MSVC properly ... for some
  value of "properly".  Instead of overriding REGRESS_OPTS, set the
  variables ENCODING and NO_LOCALE, which is more expressive and
  allows overriding by the user.  Fix vcregress.pl to handle that.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/385942f46ce526000d231c51c76360a807c2f809

- Fix PL/Python traceback for error in separate file.  It assumed that
  the lineno from the traceback always refers to the PL/Python
  function.  If you created a PL/Python function that imports some
  code, runs it, and that code raises an exception, PLy_traceback
  would get utterly confused.  Now we look at the file name reported
  with the traceback and only print the source line if it came from
  the PL/Python function.  Jan UrbaƄski
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/395fcac29906d22615ba68bd1dfa31daf691979e

- Add fill-column setting to emacs example configurations.  This
  matches the maximum line length that pgindent uses.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/415f5e12592d135919549a5eb21893fda0417ebf

- Small update to emacs example configuration.  Since both tarballs
  and git now result in a "postgresql" directory rather than a "pgsql"
  directory, adjust the example configuration to look for the former.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/78e7e20afe768d9c5f6b4fbf30a2d7100d46bb2f

- Normalize whitespace in the arguments of <indexterm>.  Strip leading
  and trailing whitespace and replace interior whitespace by a single
  space.  This avoids problems with the index generator producing
  duplicate index entries for terms that differ only in whitespace.
  Commit dca30da3433c40b5f92f1704c496cda052decef9 actually fixed all
  the indexterm elements that would cause this problem at the moment,
  but in case it sneaks in again, we're set.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/9412606265c2774712e3f805798896734b32c7fd

Bruce Momjian pushed:

- Add C comment about why we throw an error if the pg_upgrade old/new
  database counts don't match.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/034194470647b3de206fb42464d49a438853fa5e

- Throw error for mismatched pg_upgrade clusters.  If someone removes
  the 'postgres' database from the old cluster and the new cluster has
  a 'postgres' database, the number of databases will not match.  We
  actually could upgrade such a setup, but it would violate the 1-to-1
  mapping of database counts, so we throw an error instead.
  Previously they got an error during the upgrade, and not at the
  check stage; Peter Geoghegan 9.0.4 does the same.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/7228d02989afd3858ce6eb4de845c56f4c0188a6

- pg_upgrade C comment addition.  Document why we do the missing new
  database check during the check phase.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/0262251c337ca066d1b1698684784254849b5676

- Improve doc wording for SQL syntax of LIMIT/OFFSET.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/0cfdc1c657b7c2aa1e4524f495e84005f750ec02

- In pg_upgrade, only compile copy_file() on non-Win32 systems.  Per
  report from Andrew Dunstan.
  http://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/f6322b31918c5c57eeea80c26a088af44d573095

== Rejected Patches (for now) ==

No one was disappointed this week :-)

== Pending Patches ==

Shigeru HANADA sent in another revision of the patch to fix foreign
table privileges.

Robert Haas sent in a patch for 9.2 to allow for time-delayed
standbys.

Noah Misch sent in another revision of the patch to resolve an
incompatibility between pg_dump --binary-upgrade and ALTER TYPE ...
DROP ATTRIBUTE.

Bruce Momjian sent in three revisions of a patch to make pg_upgrade
disable autovacuum.

Dan Ports sent in a patch to fix the UPDATE performance under SSI.

Leonardo Francalanci sent in a patch to allow switching tables from
UNLOGGED to LOGGED state.

Alex Hunsaker sent in two revisions of a patch to enable the new perl
5.14 to work with the build system.

Gianni Ciolli sent in a patch to fix a performance issue in NOTIFY.

Andrew Dunstan sent in a patch to do a consolidate cleanup on win32.

Peter Eisentraut sent in a patch to allow make check to work in
contrib.


pgsql-announce by date

Next:From: SQL Maestro GroupDate: 2011-04-26 12:18:12
Subject: PostgreSQL PHP Generator 11.4 released
Previous:From: Pavel GolubDate: 2011-04-19 10:20:02
Subject: MicroOLAP Database Designer for PostgreSQL 1.8.0 Beta 2 available

Privacy Policy | About PostgreSQL
Copyright © 1996-2014 The PostgreSQL Global Development Group