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== PostgreSQL Weekly News - July 29 2007 ==

From: David Fetter <david(at)fetter(dot)org>
To: PostgreSQL Announce <pgsql-announce(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: == PostgreSQL Weekly News - July 29 2007 ==
Date: 2007-07-30 04:54:40
Message-ID: 20070730045440.GI7498@fetter.org (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-announcepgsql-general
== PostgreSQL Weekly News - July 29 2007 ==

PostgreSQL's "Army of Smurfs" was out in force at OSCON 2007, and lots
of people came by asking specific questions in contrast to the usual,
"why not MySQL" of the past.  One great moment: the security guard
coming up to the booth, saying words to the effect of, "ignore this
badge.  I have Postgres installed on a machine and want to know how to
use it better."

== PostgreSQL Product News ==

Archiveopteryx 2.02 released
http://www.archiveopteryx.org/

== PostgreSQL Jobs for July ==

http://archives.postgresql.org/pgsql-jobs/2007-07/threads.php

== PostgreSQL Local ==

As discussed at the first meeting of what will become the European
PostgreSQL Users Group after pgDay in Prato, and now has a mailing
list set up.  <pgsql-eu-general(at)postgresql(dot)org>

== PostgreSQL in the News ==

Planet PostgreSQL: http://www.planetpostgresql.org/

General Bits, Archives and occasional new articles:
http://www.varlena.com/GeneralBits/

PostgreSQL Weekly News is brought to you this week by David Fetter

Submit news and announcements by Sunday at 3:00pm Pacific time.
Please send English language ones to david(at)fetter(dot)org, German to
pwn(at)pgug(dot)de(dot)

== Applied Patches ==

Peter Eisentraut committed:

- In pgsql/doc/src/sgml/datatype.sgml, update standards conformance
  information about the bigint type.  Found by Michael Glaesemann.

Michael Meskes committed:

- Synced ECPG parser.

Neil Conway committed:

- In pgsql/src/backend/executor/execUtils.c, slightly refactor
  ExecOpenScanRelation(): we can use ExecRelationIsTargetRelation() to
  check if the relation is a target rel, rather than scanning through
  the result relation array ourselves.

- Implement RETURN QUERY for PL/PgSQL. This provides some convenient
  syntax sugar for PL/PgSQL set-returning functions that want to
  return the result of evaluating a query; it should also be more
  efficient than repeated RETURN NEXT statements. Based on an earlier
  patch from Pavel Stehule.

Tom Lane committed:

- Remove FileUnlink(), which wasn't being used anywhere and interacted
  poorly with the recent patch to log temp file sizes at removal time.
  Doesn't seem worth fixing since it's unused.  In passing, make a few
  elog messages conform to the message style guide.

- Arrange to put TOAST tables belonging to temporary tables into
  special schemas named pg_toast_temp_nnn, alongside the pg_temp_nnn
  schemas used for the temp tables themselves.  This allows low-level
  code such as the relcache to recognize that these tables are indeed
  temporary, which enables various optimizations such as not
  WAL-logging changes and using local rather than shared buffers for
  access.  Aside from obvious performance benefits, this provides a
  solution to bug #3483, in which other backends unexpectedly held
  open file references to temporary tables.  The scheme preserves the
  property that TOAST tables are not in any schema that's normally in
  the search path, so they don't conflict with user table names.
  initdb forced because of changes in system view definitions.

- Suppress warning when compiling with -DPROFILE_PID_DIR: sys/stat.h
  is supposed to be included when using mkdir().

- Adjust horology test to avoid join-plan-dependent result ordering in
  a few queries.  Should fix buildfarm failures arising from new, more
  aggressive autovac settings.

- In pgsql/src/backend/optimizer/util/predtest.c, fix
  predicate-proving logic to cope with binary-compatibility cases when
  checking whether an IS NULL/IS NOT NULL clause is implied or refuted
  by a strict function.  Per example from Dawid Kuroczko.  Backpatch
  to 8.2 since this is arguably a performance bug.

- Create a new dedicated Postgres process, "wal writer", which exists
  to write and fsync WAL at convenient intervals.  For the moment it
  just tries to offload this work from backends, but soon it will be
  responsible for guaranteeing a maximum delay before
  asynchronously-committed transactions will be flushed to disk.  This
  is a portion of Simon Riggs' async-commit patch, committed to CVS
  separately because a background WAL writer seems like it might be a
  good idea independently of the async-commit feature.  I rebased
  walwriter.c on bgwriter.c because it seemed like a more appropriate
  way of handling signals; while the startup/shutdown logic in
  postmaster.c is more like autovac because we want walwriter to quit
  before we start the shutdown checkpoint.

- Just noticed that libpq thinks the maximum command tag length is 40,
  whereas in the backend it's been 64 for some time.  Hasn't mattered
  because no actual tags exceed 40 bytes, but for consistency they
  should be alike.

Alvaro Herrera committed:

- Set a default autovacuum vacuum_cost_delay value of 20ms, to avoid
  excessive I/O utilization, per discussion.  While at it, lower the
  autovacuum vacuum and analyze threshold values to 50 tuples.  It is
  a bit higher (i.e. more conservative) than what I originally
  proposed but much better than the old values for small tables.

- Reword paragraph about the autovacuum_max_workers setting.  Patch
  from Jim Nasby.

Magnus Hagander committed:

- Rename DLLIMPORT macro to PGDLLIMPORT to avoid conflict with third
  party includes (like tcl) that define DLLIMPORT.

- Hiroshi Saito's fix to pgsql/src/interfaces/libpq/win32.mak, the
  standalone win32 makefile (MSVC6) for SSPI and GSSAPI.

- In pgsql/src/tools/msvc/Project.pm, disable warning 4090 = different
  const qualifiers on msvc since it warns about things that aren't
  wrong.

- In pgsql/src/pl/plperl/GNUmakefile, silence compiler warning on
  MingW.

- In pgsql/src/backend/libpq/pqcomm.c, silence compiler warning on
  MingW.

- Make it possible, and default, for MingW to build with SSPI support
  by dynamically loading the function that's missing from the MingW
  headers and library.

- The proper guaranteed buffer size for errors is
  INITIAL_EXPBUFFER_SIZE, not PQERRORMSG_LENGTH.  Backport only - the
  proper fix in HEAD is to use PQExpBuffers everywhere.

- Use PQExpBuffer for error message in fe-auth.c.  In passing, change
  functions that passedin both PGconn and parts of it to just pass in
  the PGconn.

- Fix typo in pgsql/src/interfaces/libpq/fe-auth.c.

- SSPI authentication on Windows.

== Rejected Patches (for now) ==

No one was disappointed this week :-)

== Pending Patches ==

Andrew Dunstan sent in a patch to enable logging of start time/cookie
for all backend processes.

Gregory Stark sent in a patch which documents and removes some dead
code in pgsql/src/backend/access/heap/tuptoaster.c which resulted from
the varvarlena patch.

Erwin Brandstetter suggested a patch which changes the GRANT docs to
reflect current realities.

Gregory Stark sent in a patch which fixes some misalignments from a
pg_indent run.

Simon Riggs sent in a patch which simplifies the stats_ parameters.

Zdenek Kotala sent in a patch to pgcrypto which fixes two problems on
systems, like the default Solaris 10 installation, without strong
encryption.  Per discussion at
http://archives.postgresql.org/pgsql-hackers/2007-07/msg00762.php



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