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== PostgreSQL Weekly News - May 28 2007 ==

From: David Fetter <david(at)fetter(dot)org>
To: PostgreSQL Announce <pgsql-announce(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: == PostgreSQL Weekly News - May 28 2007 ==
Date: 2007-05-28 18:55:32
Message-ID: 20070528185532.GA2906@fetter.org (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-announce
== PostgreSQL Weekly News - May 28 2007 ==

PgCon was a smashing success this past week.

== PostgreSQL Product News ==

No product announcements this week.

== PostgreSQL Jobs for May ==

http://archives.postgresql.org/pgsql-jobs/2007-05/threads.php

== PostgreSQL Local ==

Registration for pgday.it in Prato, Tuscany, Italy on July 6 and 7 is
open.

Some Important URLs:

Registration: http://www.pgday.it/en/generale/registrazione
PGDay's web site: http://www.pgday.it/en/
Sponsorship campaign: http://www.pgday.it/en/sponsorizzazioni/come
How to get to Prato: http://www.pgday.it/en/logistica/raggiungere_prato
Accommodations in Prato: http://www.pgday.it/en/logistica/dove_dormire
PostgreSQL T-shirts http://www.prato.linux.it/node/30

Important dates:

May  31: Deadline for the call for papers
June  5: Special accommodation rates expire for Hotel San Marco and Art
         Hotel Milano

== PostgreSQL in the News ==

Planet PostgreSQL: http://www.planetpostgresql.org/

General Bits, Archives and occasional new articles:
http://www.varlena.com/GeneralBits/

PostgreSQL Weekly News is brought to you this week by David Fetter

To get your submission into the upcoming issue, make sure it arrives
at david(at)fetter(dot)org or in German at pwn(at)pgug(dot)de by Sunday at 3:00pm
Pacific Time.

== Applied Patches == 

Alvaro Herrera committed:

- Pavel Stehule's patch which removes unsupported -u option from
  pg_standby example usage.

Tom Lane committed:

- Fix up pgstats counting of live and dead tuples to recognize that
  committed and aborted transactions have different effects; also
  teach it not to assume that prepared transactions are always
  committed.  Along the way, simplify the pgstats API by tying
  counting directly to Relations; I cannot detect any redeeming social
  value in having stats pointers in HeapScanDesc and IndexScanDesc
  structures.  And fix a few corner cases in which counts might be
  missed because the relation's pgstat_info pointer hadn't been set.

- Repair two constraint-exclusion corner cases triggered by proving
  that an inheritance child of an UPDATE/DELETE target relation can be
  excluded by constraints.  I had rearranged some code in
  set_append_rel_pathlist() to avoid "useless" work when a child is
  excluded, but overdid it and left the child with no cheapest_path
  entry, causing possible failure later if the appendrel was involved
  in a join.  Also, it seems that the dummy plan generated by
  inheritance_planner() when all branches are excluded has to be a bit
  less dummy now than was required in 8.2.  Per report from Jan Wieck.
  Add his test case to the regression tests.

- Create hooks to let a loadable plugin monitor (or even replace) the
  planner and/or create plans for hypothetical situations; in
  particular, investigate plans that would be generated using
  hypothetical indexes.  This is a heavily-rewritten version of the
  hooks proposed by Gurjeet Singh for his Index Advisor project.  In
  this formulation, the index advisor can be entirely a loadable
  module instead of requiring a significant part to be in the core
  backend, and plans can be generated for hypothetical indexes without
  requiring the creation and rolling-back of system catalog entries.
  The index advisor patch as-submitted is not compatible with these
  hooks, but it needs significant work anyway due to other 8.2-to-8.3
  planner changes.  With these hooks in the core backend, development
  of the advisor can proceed as a pgfoundry project.

- Remove ruleutils.c's use of varnoold/varoattno as a shortcut for
  determining what a Var node refers to.  This is no longer necessary
  because the new flat-range-table representation of plan trees makes
  it relatively easy to dig down through child plan levels to find the
  original reference; and to keep doing it that way, we'd have to
  store joinaliasvars lists in flattened RTEs, as demonstrated by bug
  report from Leszek Trenkner.  This change makes varnoold/varoattno
  truly just debug aids, which wasn't quite the case before.  Perhaps
  we should drop them, or only have them in assert-enabled builds?

- Avoid assuming that the fields of struct timeval have exactly type
  long.  This is probably incorrect on some platforms, and definitely
  draws a compiler warning on Darwin.

- Repair planner bug introduced in 8.2 by ability to rearrange outer
  joins: in cases where a sub-SELECT inserts a WHERE clause between
  two outer joins, that clause may prevent us from re-ordering the two
  outer joins.  The code was considering only the joins' own
  ON-conditions in determining reordering safety, which is not good
  enough.  Add a "delay_upper_joins" flag to OuterJoinInfo to flag
  that we have detected such a clause and higher-level outer joins
  shouldn't be permitted to commute with this one.  (This might seem
  overly coarse, but given the current rules for OJ reordering, it's
  sufficient AFAICT.) The failure case is actually pretty narrow: it
  needs a WHERE clause within the RHS of a left join that checks the
  RHS of a lower left join, but is not strict for that RHS (else we'd
  have simplified the lower join to a plain join).  Even then no
  failure will be manifest unless the planner chooses to rearrange the
  join order.  Per bug report from Adam Terrey.

- Fix best_inner_indexscan to return both the cheapest-total-cost and
  cheapest-startup-cost innerjoin indexscans, and make joinpath.c
  consider both of these (when different) as the inside of a nestloop
  join.  The original design was based on the assumption that
  indexscan paths always have negligible startup cost, and so total
  cost is the only important figure of merit; an assumption that's
  obviously broken by bitmap indexscans.  This oversight could lead to
  choosing poor plans in cases where fast-start behavior is more
  important than total cost, such as LIMIT and IN queries.
  8.1-vintage brain fade exposed by an example from Chuck D.

- Teach tuplestore.c to throw away data before the "mark" point when
  the caller is using mark/restore but not rewind or backward-scan
  capability.  Insert a materialize plan node between a mergejoin and
  its inner child if the inner child is a sort that is expected to
  spill to disk.  The materialize shields the sort from the need to do
  mark/restore and thereby allows it to perform its final merge pass
  on-the-fly; while the materialize itself is normally cheap since it
  won't spill to disk unless the number of tuples with equal key
  values exceeds work_mem.  Gregory Stark, with some kibitzing from
  Tom Lane.

Peter Eisentraut committed:

- In pgsql/contrib/xml2/README.xml2, add deprecation notice about
  planned removal in 8.4 and advice to try using the newer XML stuff
  in core.  This should probably also be referred to in the release
  notes.

- Nikolay Samokhvalov's xpath fixes, with code cleanup and
  documentation work by myself.

- Fix spurious German index entry

Michael Meskes committed:

- Removed errant ISODOW

- Backported fix from HEAD that removes a superfluous function which
  Vista has a problem with.

- Also removed the function not just the call, sorry.

- Do not try to find local timezone in DecodeDateTime() because the
  result is not used anyway.  This also fixes Vista's build problems.

== Rejected Patches (for now) ==

No one was disappointed this week :-)

== Pending Patches ==

Gregory Stark sent in another revision of his concurrent psql patch.

NikhilS sent in a patch implementing CREATE TABLE LIKE INCLUDING
INDEXES.

Andrew Dunstan sent in several revisions of patches to UTF8MatchText.

Henry B. Hotz sent in another revision of his GSSAPI patch.

Greg Smith sent in another revision of his patch to enable COPY-able
csv log outputs.

Arul Shaji sent in another revision of his patch to make cursors
updateable.

Heikki Linnakangas sent in a several revisions of a Heikki/Simon
collaboration on a "scan-resistant buffer manager" patch.


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Subject: PGDay conference wrapup July 8 2007
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