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Re: Auto Vacuum

From: Bruce Momjian <pgman(at)candle(dot)pha(dot)pa(dot)us>
To: Russell Smith <mr-russ(at)pws(dot)com(dot)au>
Cc: pgsql-hackers(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: Auto Vacuum
Date: 2004-11-29 02:29:45
Message-ID: 200411290229.iAT2TjB07277@candle.pha.pa.us (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-hackers
I have added an auto-vacuum TODO item:

* Auto-vacuum
        o Move into the backend code
        o Scan the buffer cache to find free space or use background writer
        o Use free-space map information to guide refilling


---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Russell Smith wrote:
> Hi All,
> 
> I am doing serious thinking about the implementation of Auto Vacuum as part of the backend, Not using libpq, but classing internal functions directly.
> It appears to me that calling internal functions directly is a better implementation than using the external library to do the job.
> 
> I know I might be stepping on Matthew's toes, but I don't really want to.  I am a complete newbie to the postgresql code, however I am trying.
> Vacuum appears to be one of the bigger saw points with administrator having to configure it via scheduled tasks.
> 
> I have outlined things I have thought about below.  I've surely missed a lot, and am open to feedback.  Others may like the current tuning used
> by the external autovacuum, however to have stats that are collected at vacuum, and used for later vacuum would mean we don't need the
> stats collector running.
> 
> The major autovacuum issues 
> 
> 1. Transaction Wraparound
> 2. Vacuum of relations
> 3. Tracking of when to do vacuums
> 4. Where to store information needed by auto vacuum
> 
> I would suggest the first step is to replicate the wraparound and relation vacuuming from the current code first. But I could be wrong.
> Currently there are a lot of tuning options in the external autovacuum, and the best way to run vacuum internally will need to be thought out.
> 
> 1. Transaction Wraparound
> 
> It appears from the code, that the best time to do a transaction wraparound db wide vacuum is when the
> frozenXID has wrapped, TransactionIdPrecedes(myXID, dbform->datfrozenxid).  And is probably the most
> simple vacuum to implement.
> 
> 
> 2. Vacuuming of relations
> 
> Currently, the entire heap must be vacuumed at one time.  I would possible be desireable to have only part of the relation vacuumed at
> a time.  If you can find out which parts of the relation have the most slack space.  There is a todo item regarding tracking recent deletions
> so they can be resused.  Some form of this would be helpful to work out what to vacuum.  Performance issues for this type of activity 
> may be a concern.  But I have no experience to be able to make comment on them.  So I welcome yours.
> 
> 3. Tracking of when to vacuum
> 
> Current autovacuum relies the stats collector to be running.  I would like to only use the stats if they are available,
> and have an option to be able to vacuum accurately without having to have stats running.
> 
> By adding certain histograms, on tuples, filesize and slack space we can guage the time between vacuums
> 
> number of tuples will show the inserts as opposed to updates.
> file size will show that the file is growing and by how much between vacuums.
> slack space will show the delete/updated records.
> 
> A new guc and relation option would need to be implemented to give a target slack space in a file.
> this will help to reduce growth in relations if vacuum happens to not run frequently enough.  This information
> can also inform autovacuum that it should be vacuuming more frequently.  The number would be a percentage,
> eg 10% of the total file size is allowed to be unused.  Also alter table would allow users to set levels of slackness
> for each relation.  If the table gets too much more than the target slack space, a "partial" vacuum full could be run
> to reduce the size of the table by moving tuples at the end of the table to slack space near the beginning and 
> shortening the table length.  It would require a full table lock, but you may be able to space it out, to only do a page
> at a time.
> 
> /* target percentage of slack space */
> vacuum_default_target_slack_space = 10
> 
> ALTER TABLE SET TARGET SLACK SPACE = 10;
> 
> 4. Where to store information required by auto vacuum.
> 
> Auto vacuum needs somewhere to stop the information it needs about current and future vacuuming.  I am unsure of where
> to put this.  It appears as if it will have a number of fields.  I feel like pg_class is the best place to put the information, but 
> again I have no idea.
> 
> That's the best I can do for now.  I can clarify things further if required.
> 
> Regards
> 
> Russell.
> 
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-- 
  Bruce Momjian                        |  http://candle.pha.pa.us
  pgman(at)candle(dot)pha(dot)pa(dot)us               |  (610) 359-1001
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  • Auto Vacuum at 2004-11-29 02:19:41 from Russell Smith

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