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Re: obtaining primary key/rowid following insert, redux...

From: "Ross J(dot) Reedstrom" <reedstrm(at)rice(dot)edu>
To: "pgsql-interfaces(at)postgreSQL(dot)org" <pgsql-interfaces(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: Re: obtaining primary key/rowid following insert, redux...
Date: 2000-09-11 14:46:37
Message-ID: 20000911094637.C13906@rice.edu (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-interfaces
On Mon, Sep 11, 2000 at 09:03:07AM +0200, Zeljko Trogrlic wrote:
> nextval() is the solution  to your problems. currval() won't help, all
> users will get same previous value.

I must say I am getting tired of seeing the same not only FAQ, but
misinformation being spread about sequences. The nextval()/currval()
functions are completely multiuser safe. The currval('foo') is defined
to return the last value of sequence 'foo' that was returned to the
current connection.  That is in fact why Mark got an error: He tried to
call it on a sequence that had not yet been incremented via nextval()
in the connection.

Currval('foo') (unlike SELECT last_value from foo) will _never_ return
a number that was not generated in the current connection: i.e. was
delivered to another backend. As a consequence, you may get gaps in the
sequence, if a transaction aborts, since sequence values are never rolled
back, but this is a small price to pay for not having lock the sequence,
and thereby serialize all your users.

Ross

> 
> At 05:15 7.9.2000 , Mark Dzmura wrote:
> >Peter:
> >
> >Trying to solve my problem mentioned in the email of half an hour ago, I 
> >searched
> >through the archives of the interface list and found some of your replies 
> >suggesting
> >using "currval()" to get the last value assigned from a sequence...  However,
> >here's what happens in a good database with multiple in-use sequences:
> >
> >db=# select currval('foo_foo_id_seq');
> >ERROR:  foo_foo_id_seq.currval is not yet defined in this session
> >
> >As an alternative, I discovered that I can get the value this way:
> >
> >db=# select last_value from foo_foo_id_seq;
> >last_value
> >---------
> >              27
> >
> >My questions are, (1) why does the currval() approach give the error 
> >message, and
> >(2) is it OK to use my alternative??
> >
> >Finally, as far as I can tell, there is a real race condition problem here 
> >in a multiple-connection
> >scenario (e.g. another task can cause the sequence to be incremented between 
> >the insert
> >and the select) - but wrapping a transaction around the insert and select 
> >should
> >take care of it... Thoughts??
> >
> >Thanks,
> >Mark Dzmura
> >
> >
> 
> 

-- 
Ross J. Reedstrom, Ph.D., <reedstrm(at)rice(dot)edu> 
NSBRI Research Scientist/Programmer
Computer and Information Technology Institute
Rice University, 6100 S. Main St.,  Houston, TX 77005

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