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Re: [HACKERS] s_lock.h patch

From: Michael Meskes <meskes(at)topsystem(dot)de>
To: dg(at)illustra(dot)com (David Gould)
Cc: pgsql-hackers(at)postgresql(dot)org (PostgreSQL Hacker)
Subject: Re: [HACKERS] s_lock.h patch
Date: 1998-04-30 08:14:35
Message-ID: 199804300814.KAA07984@gauss.topsystem.de (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-hackers
David Gould writes:
> Michael Meskes: 
> > It seems this patch is incomplete. The file has 20 #if's but only 19
> > #endif's.
> 
> Hmmm, I just checked my file, and the patch I got back from the list and
> I don't see this. Could you send me a copy of your patched file so I can see
> maybe what is the problem?

I wasn't precise enough. I didn't apply the patch but cvsup'ed the latest
file. Anyway, here is my s_lock.h:

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * s_lock.h--
 *	   This file contains the implementation (if any) for spinlocks.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 1994, Regents of the University of California
 *
 *
 * IDENTIFICATION
 *	  $Header: /usr/local/cvsroot/pgsql/src/include/storage/s_lock.h,v 1.30 1998/04/29 12:40:56 scrappy Exp $
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
/*
 *	 DESCRIPTION
 *      The public functions that must be provided are:
 *
 *      void S_INIT_LOCK(slock_t *lock)
 *
 *		void S_LOCK(slock_t *lock)
 *
 *      void S_UNLOCK(slock_t *lock)
 *
 *      int S_LOCK_FREE(slock_t *lock) 
 *      	Tests if the lock is free. Returns non-zero if free, 0 if locked.
 *
 *      The S_LOCK() function (in s_lock.c) implements a primitive but
 *		still useful random backoff to avoid hordes of busywaiting lockers
 *		chewing CPU.
 *
 *		void
 *		S_LOCK(slock_t *lock)
 *		{
 *		    while (TAS(lock))
 *		    {
 *			// back off the cpu for a semi-random short time
 *		    }
 *		}
 *
 *		This implementation takes advantage of a tas function written 
 *      (in assembly language) on machines that have a native test-and-set
 *      instruction. Alternative mutex implementations may also be used.
 *		This function is hidden under the TAS macro to allow substitutions.
 *
 *		#define TAS(lock) tas(lock)
 *		int tas(slock_t *lock)		// True if lock already set
 *
 *		If none of this can be done, POSTGRES will default to using
 *		System V semaphores (and take a large performance hit -- around 40%
 *		of its time on a DS5000/240 is spent in semop(3)...).
 *
 *	NOTES
 *		AIX has a test-and-set but the recommended interface is the cs(3)
 *		system call.  This provides an 8-instruction (plus system call
 *		overhead) uninterruptible compare-and-set operation.  True
 *		spinlocks might be faster but using cs(3) still speeds up the
 *		regression test suite by about 25%.  I don't have an assembler
 *		manual for POWER in any case.
 *
 *		There are default implementations for all these macros at the bottom
 *		of this file. Check if your platform can use these or needs to
 *		override them.
 *
 */
#ifndef S_LOCK_H
#define S_LOCK_H

#include "storage/ipc.h"

#if defined(HAS_TEST_AND_SET)

#if defined(linux)
/***************************************************************************
 * All Linux
 */

#if defined(__alpha__)

#define S_UNLOCK(lock) { __asm__("mb"); *(lock) = 0; }

#endif							/* defined(__alpha__) && defined(linux) */




#else /* defined(linux) */
/***************************************************************************
 * All non Linux
 */

#if defined (nextstep)
/*
 * NEXTSTEP (mach)
 * slock_t is defined as a struct mutex.
 */

#define S_LOCK(lock)	mutex_lock(lock)

#define S_UNLOCK(lock)	mutex_unlock(lock)

#define S_INIT_LOCK(lock)	mutex_init(lock)

/* For Mach, we have to delve inside the entrails of `struct mutex'.  Ick! */
#define S_LOCK_FREE(alock)	((alock)->lock == 0)

#endif							/* nextstep */



#if defined(__sgi)
/*
 * SGI IRIX 5
 * slock_t is defined as a struct abilock_t, which has a single unsigned long
 * member.
 *
 * This stuff may be supplemented in the future with Masato Kataoka's MIPS-II
 * assembly from his NECEWS SVR4 port, but we probably ought to retain this
 * for the R3000 chips out there.
 */
#define S_LOCK(lock)	do \
						{ \
							while (!acquire_lock(lock)) \
								; \
						} while (0)

#define S_UNLOCK(lock)	release_lock(lock)

#define S_INIT_LOCK(lock)	init_lock(lock)

/* S_LOCK_FREE should return 1 if lock is free; 0 if lock is locked */

#define S_LOCK_FREE(lock)	(stat_lock(lock) == UNLOCKED)

#endif							/* __sgi */


/*
 * OSF/1 (Alpha AXP)
 *
 * Note that slock_t on the Alpha AXP is msemaphore instead of char
 * (see storage/ipc.h).
 */

#if defined(__alpha) && !defined(linux)

#define S_LOCK(lock)	do \
						{ \
							while (msem_lock((lock), MSEM_IF_NOWAIT) < 0) \
								; \
						} while (0)

#define S_UNLOCK(lock)	msem_unlock((lock), 0)

#define S_INIT_LOCK(lock)	msem_init((lock), MSEM_UNLOCKED)

#define S_LOCK_FREE(lock)	(!(lock)->msem_state)

#endif							/* alpha */

/*
 * Solaris 2
 */

#if (defined(__i386__) || defined(__sparc__)) && defined(__sun__)
/* for xxxxx_solaris, this is defined in port/.../tas.s */

static int	tas(slock_t *lock);

#define S_LOCK(lock)	do \
						{ \
							while (tas(lock)) \
								; \
						} while (0)

#define S_UNLOCK(lock)	(*(lock) = 0)

#define S_INIT_LOCK(lock)	S_UNLOCK(lock)

#endif							/* i86pc_solaris || sparc_solaris */

/*
 * AIX (POWER)
 *
 * Note that slock_t on POWER/POWER2/PowerPC is int instead of char
 * (see storage/ipc.h).
 */

#if defined(_AIX)

#define S_LOCK(lock)	do \
						{ \
							while (cs((int *) (lock), 0, 1)) \
								; \
						} while (0)

#define S_UNLOCK(lock)	(*(lock) = 0)

#define S_INIT_LOCK(lock)	S_UNLOCK(lock)

#endif							/* _AIX */

/*
 * HP-UX (PA-RISC)
 *
 * Note that slock_t on PA-RISC is a structure instead of char
 * (see storage/ipc.h).
 */

#if defined(__hpux)

/*
* a "set" slock_t has a single word cleared.  a "clear" slock_t has
* all words set to non-zero.
*/
static slock_t clear_lock = {-1, -1, -1, -1};

static int	tas(slock_t *lock);

#define S_LOCK(lock)	do \
						{ \
							while (tas(lock)) \
								; \
						} while (0)

#define S_UNLOCK(lock)	(*(lock) = clear_lock)	/* struct assignment */

#define S_INIT_LOCK(lock)	S_UNLOCK(lock)

#define S_LOCK_FREE(lock)	( *(int *) (((long) (lock) + 15) & ~15) != 0)

#endif							/* __hpux */

/*
 * sun3
 */

#if defined(sun3)

static int	tas(slock_t *lock);

#define S_LOCK(lock)	do \
						{ \
							while (tas(lock)) \
								; \
						} while (0)

#define S_UNLOCK(lock)	(*(lock) = 0)

#define S_INIT_LOCK(lock)	S_UNLOCK(lock)

static int
tas_dummy()
{
	asm("LLA0:");
	asm("	.data");
	asm("	.text");
	asm("|#PROC# 04");
	asm("	.globl	_tas");
	asm("_tas:");
	asm("|#PROLOGUE# 1");
	asm("	movel   sp@(0x4),a0");
	asm("	tas	a0@");
	asm("	beq	LLA1");
	asm("	moveq   #-128,d0");
	asm("	rts");
	asm("LLA1:");
	asm("	moveq   #0,d0");
	asm("	rts");
	asm("	.data");
}

#endif							/* sun3 */

/*
 * sparc machines
 */

#if defined(NEED_SPARC_TAS_ASM)

/* if we're using -ansi w/ gcc, use __asm__ instead of asm */
#if defined(__STRICT_ANSI__)
#define asm(x)	__asm__(x)
#endif

static int	tas(slock_t *lock);

static void
tas_dummy()
{
	asm(".seg \"data\"");
	asm(".seg \"text\"");
	asm("_tas:");

	/*
	 * Sparc atomic test and set (sparc calls it "atomic load-store")
	 */

	asm("ldstub [%r8], %r8");

	/*
	 * Did test and set actually do the set?
	 */

	asm("tst %r8");

	asm("be,a ReturnZero");

	/*
	 * otherwise, just return.
	 */

	asm("clr %r8");
	asm("mov 0x1, %r8");
	asm("ReturnZero:");
	asm("retl");
	asm("nop");
}

#define S_LOCK(addr)	do \
						{ \
							while (tas(addr)) \
								; \
						} while (0)

/*
 * addr should be as in the above S_LOCK routine
 */
#define S_UNLOCK(addr)	(*(addr) = 0)

#define S_INIT_LOCK(addr)	(*(addr) = 0)

#endif							/* NEED_SPARC_TAS_ASM */

/*
 * VAXen -- even multiprocessor ones
 */

#if defined(NEED_VAX_TAS_ASM)

#define S_LOCK(addr)		__asm__("1: bbssi $0,(%0),1b": :"r"(addr))
#define S_UNLOCK(addr)		(*(addr) = 0)
#define S_INIT_LOCK(addr)	(*(addr) = 0)

#endif							/* NEED_VAX_TAS_ASM */

/*
 * i386 based things
 */

#if defined(NEED_I386_TAS_ASM)

#if defined(USE_UNIVEL_CC)
asm void
S_LOCK(char *lval)
{
% lab again;
/* Upon entry, %eax will contain the pointer to the lock byte */
	pushl %ebx
	xchgl %eax, %ebx
	movb $255, %al
again:
	lock
	xchgb %al, (%ebx)
	cmpb $0, %al
	jne again
	popl %ebx
}

#else
#define S_LOCK(lock)	do \
						{ \
							slock_t		_res; \
							do \
							{ \
				__asm__("lock; xchgb %0,%1": "=q"(_res), "=m"(*lock):"0"(0x1)); \
							} while (_res != 0); \
						} while (0)
#endif

#define S_UNLOCK(lock)	(*(lock) = 0)

#define S_INIT_LOCK(lock)	S_UNLOCK(lock)

#endif							/* NEED_I386_TAS_ASM */


#if defined(__alpha) && defined(linux)

void		S_LOCK(slock_t *lock);

#define S_UNLOCK(lock) { __asm__("mb"); *(lock) = 0; }

#define S_INIT_LOCK(lock)	S_UNLOCK(lock)

#endif							/* defined(__alpha) && defined(linux) */

#if defined(linux) && defined(sparc)

#define S_LOCK(lock)	do \
						{ \
							slock_t		_res; \
							slock_t		*tmplock = lock ; \
							do \
							{ \
								__asm__("ldstub [%1], %0" \
						:		"=&r"(_res), "=r"(tmplock) \
						:		"1"(tmplock)); \
							} while (_res != 0); \
						} while (0)

#define S_UNLOCK(lock)	(*(lock) = 0)

#define S_INIT_LOCK(lock)	S_UNLOCK(lock)

#endif							/* defined(linux) && defined(sparc) */

#if defined(linux) && defined(PPC)

static int
tas_dummy()
{
	__asm__("	\n\
tas:			\n\
	lwarx	5,0,3	\n\
	cmpwi	5,0	\n\
	bne	fail	\n\
	addi	5,5,1	\n\
        stwcx.  5,0,3	\n\
        beq	success	\n\
fail:	li	3,1	\n\
	blr		\n\
success:		\n\
	li 3,0		\n\
        blr		\n\
	");
}

#define S_LOCK(lock)	do \
						{ \
							while (tas(lock)) \
								; \
						} while (0)

#define S_UNLOCK(lock)	(*(lock) = 0)

#define S_INIT_LOCK(lock)	S_UNLOCK(lock)

#endif							/* defined(linux) && defined(PPC) */

#ifndef S_LOCK_FREE				/* for those who have not already defined
								 * it */
#define S_LOCK_FREE(lock)		((*lock) == 0)
#endif

#endif							/* HAS_TEST_AND_SET */

#endif							/* S_LOCK_H */

Michael

-- 
Dr. Michael Meskes, Project-Manager    | topsystem Systemhaus GmbH
meskes(at)topsystem(dot)de                    | Europark A2, Adenauerstr. 20
meskes(at)debian(dot)org                      | 52146 Wuerselen
Go SF49ers! Go Rhein Fire!             | Tel: (+49) 2405/4670-44
Use Debian GNU/Linux!                  | Fax: (+49) 2405/4670-10

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