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Re: Joins, Deletes and Indexes

From: Butkus_Charles(at)emc(dot)com
To: dev(at)archonet(dot)com
Cc: pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: Re: Joins, Deletes and Indexes
Date: 2005-02-23 13:06:08
Message-ID: 18C6A5982F816D47BFEF7DF47F7B03232E8BD4@corpmx2.corp.emc.com (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-performance
 

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Richard Huxton [mailto:dev(at)archonet(dot)com] 
> Sent: Wednesday, February 23, 2005 3:40 AM
> To: Butkus_Charles(at)emc(dot)com
> Cc: pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org
> Subject: Re: [PERFORM] Joins, Deletes and Indexes
> 
> Butkus_Charles(at)emc(dot)com wrote:
> > I've got 2 tables defined as follows:
> > 
> > CREATE TABLE "cluster"
> > (
> >   id int8 NOT NULL DEFAULT nextval('serial'::text),
> >   clusterid varchar(255) NOT NULL,
> >   ...
> >   CONSTRAINT pk_cluster PRIMARY KEY (id)
> > ) 
> > 
> > CREATE TABLE sensorreport
> > (
> >   id int8 NOT NULL DEFAULT nextval('serial'::text),
> >   clusterid int8 NOT NULL,
> >   ...
> >   CONSTRAINT pk_sensorreport PRIMARY KEY (id),
> >   CONSTRAINT fk_sensorreport_clusterid FOREIGN KEY 
> (clusterid) REFERENCES
> > "cluster" (id) ON UPDATE RESTRICT ON DELETE RESTRICT
> > ) 
> > 
> > I've defined an Index on the clusterid field of sensorreport.
> 
> Looking further down, perhaps an index on cluster.clusterid too.
> 
> > So I've run into 2 issues, one a SELECT, the other a DELETE;
> > 
> > SELECT issue:
> > So the following query:
> > EXPLAIN ANALYZE select * from sensorreport where clusterid 
> = 25000114;
> > 
> > Yields:
> > "Index Scan using idx_sensorreport_clusterid on sensorreport
> > (cost=0.00..2.01 rows=1 width=129) (actual time=0.000..0.000 rows=38
> > loops=1)"
> > "  Index Cond: (clusterid = 25000114)"
> > "Total runtime: 0.000 ms"
> > 
> > However, when using a join as follows (in the cluster table 
> id=25000114
> > clusterid='clusterid1'):
> > EXPLAIN ANALYZE select * from sensorreport as a join 
> cluster as c on c.id =
> > a.clusterid where c.clusterid = 'clusterid1';
> 
> You don't say what version you're using, but older versions 
> of PG took a 
> literal join as a request to plan a query in that order. Try 
> rewriting 
> it without the "join" keyword and see if the plan alters.

I'm using version 8.0 on Windows.

> 
> > Yields:
> > Hash Join  (cost=1.18..566211.51 rows=1071429 width=287) (actual
> > time=150025.000..150025.000 rows=38 loops=1)
> >   Hash Cond: ("outer".clusterid = "inner".id)
> >   ->  Seq Scan on sensorreport a  (cost=0.00..480496.03 
> rows=15000003
> > width=129) (actual time=10.000..126751.000 rows=15000039 loops=1)
> >   ->  Hash  (cost=1.18..1.18 rows=1 width=158) (actual 
> time=0.000..0.000
> > rows=0 loops=1)
> >         ->  Seq Scan on "cluster" c  (cost=0.00..1.18 
> rows=1 width=158)
> > (actual time=0.000..0.000 rows=1 loops=1)
> >               Filter: ((clusterid)::text = 'clusterid1'::text)
> > Total runtime: 150025.000 ms
> > 
> > My question is can I get the join query to use the
> > idx_sensorreport_clusterid index on the sensorreport table?
> 
> The only reason to use the index on sensorreport is if it 
> isn't going to 
> match many rows. That means we want to run the restriction on 
> "clisterid1" first, which suggests you want that index on 
> table cluster.

The cluster table only has 11 rows, so I'm not sure an index would
help.  The sensorreport table has 15,000,000 rows so that's why I've
got the index there.

> 
> > DELETE issue:
> > The statement:
> > EXPLAIN ANALYZE delete from cluster where clusterid='clusterid99'
> > 
> > Yields:
> >  Seq Scan on "cluster"  (cost=0.00..1.18 rows=1 width=6) (actual
> > time=0.000..0.000 rows=1 loops=1)
> >    Filter: ((clusterid)::text = 'clusterid99'::text)
> >  Total runtime: 275988.000 ms
> > 
> > I'm assuming that the length of the delete is because the 
> "DELETE RESTRICT"
> > on the foreign key from sensortable.
> > Again, is there any way to get the delete to use the
> > idx_sensorreport_clusterid index?
> 
> No, because this is the cluster table, not sensorreport :-)

True, but the foreign key constraint on the sensorreport table forces
Postgres to check if there are any sensorreport's that are currently
using this cluster before allowing the cluster to be deleted.

> 
> -- 
>    Richard Huxton
>    Archonet Ltd
> 

Thanks a lot for the reply.

Chuck Butkus
EMC

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Subject: Re: Joins, Deletes and Indexes
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Subject: Re: PostgreSQL is extremely slow on Windows

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