David Filion <david(at)filiontech(dot)com> writes:
> prepaid=# select substring('15148300', 0, 5);
> (1 row)
> I get a result with only the first 4 characters, not five. Why is
AFAICS this is per spec. It's a bit odd that SQL doesn't consider
start position less than 1 as an error, but that's how the spec
a) Let C be the value of the <character value expression>, let
LC be the length of C, and let S be the value of the <start
[ so for your example, LC = 8, S = 0 ]
b) If <string length> is specified, then let L be the value of
<string length> and let E be S+L. Otherwise, let E be the
larger of LC + 1 and S.
[ L = 5, E = S+L = 5 ]
c) If either C, S, or L is the null value, then the result of
the <character substring function> is the null value.
[ nope ]
d) If E is less than S, then an exception condition is raised:
data exception-substring error.
[ nope ]
i) If S is greater than LC or if E is less than 1, then the
result of the <character substring function> is a zero-
[ nope ]
1) Let S1 be the larger of S and 1. Let E1 be the smaller
of E and LC+1. Let L1 be E1-S1.
[ S1 = 1, E1 = 5, L1 = 4 ]
2) The result of the <character substring function> is
a character string containing the L1 characters of C
starting at character number S1 in the same order that
the characters appear in C.
[ result = what you got ]
The only case in which you can get an error is by specifying a negative
L. Otherwise, you get whatever part of the string overlaps your
subscript range specification --- at either end.
regards, tom lane
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