We manage the WAL files via skytools WALMGR
As far as log files we run a backup every 3 house and keep 12 housers worth on the server, everything else is sent to amazon S3 via s3sync
From: pgsql-admin-owner(at)postgresql(dot)org <pgsql-admin-owner(at)postgresql(dot)org>
To: Renato Oliveira <renato(dot)oliveira(at)grant(dot)co(dot)uk>
Cc: pgsql-admin(at)postgresql(dot)org <pgsql-admin(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Sent: Thu Apr 15 11:56:44 2010
Subject: Re: [ADMIN] archived WALL files question
On Thu, Apr 15, 2010 at 11:31 AM, Renato Oliveira <renato(dot)oliveira(at)grant(dot)co(dot)uk> wrote:
I was reading again the documentation... “The archive command should generally de designed to refuse to overwrite any pre-existing archive file.”
This means it will keep writing logs to the folder specified forever, and without an intervention, the media will run out of space.
What do you guys do with regards to this situation, for example:
How to you clean up the old archived logs?
you archive your log files from your main Postgres server to a folder /mnt/pitr for example
You set your standby to pick the logs from /mnt/pitr, then it archives each log as it comes.
/mnt/pitr will fill up very quickly and run out of space if we don’t have a process to DELETE/ARCHIEVE older logs.
I guess the process which picks up the logs for the standby server, needs to take care of the logs, by deleting the older ones or by archiving them permanently?
Depends on what it is you're trying to accomplish:
*) PITR slave server constantly applying logs
If all you want is a server to constantly apply the logs and you don't care about them afterwards, look into the '%r' macro in pg_standby. It will automatically archive files for you -- Of course, your standby instance needs to have write access to the /mnt/pitr folder to delete from.
If you are using the archive_command to copy files in the /mnt/pitr directory, and then doing a cron based copy to a backup server, have your cronjob delete files from the primary after it is confirmed that the logs got shipped safely to the backup.
*) Backup retention time
If you're trying to keep logs around so that you can do a point in time recovery with old backups, you want to figure your retention times and determine your RTO (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recovery_time_objective).
If you need to be able to recovery to any point in time for the past 1 week with a low RTO, then you want to keep that week's worth of logs uncompressed and available. Anything beyond that, use a cron job to compress the logs (they usually compress pretty well based on your data).
Basically, you need to keep all the low-RTO required logs around so that you can quickly get at them. If you don't have any low RTO requirements and you just want to keep a few weeks worth of data around, I would recommend that you add a few lines of code to the end of your backup job to compress (or you could delete if you don't want them) all the logs prior to the backup that you are taking.
Hope this helps
How do you guys deal with this problem?
Thank you very much in advance
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