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A.2. Date/Time Key Words

Table A-1 shows the tokens that are permissible as abbreviations for the names of the month.

Table A-1. Month Abbreviations

Month Abbreviations
April Apr
August Aug
December Dec
February Feb
January Jan
July Jul
June Jun
March Mar
November Nov
October Oct
September Sep, Sept

Note: The month May has no explicit abbreviation, for obvious reasons.

Table A-2 shows the tokens that are permissible as abbreviations for the names of the days of the week.

Table A-2. Day of the Week Abbreviations

Day Abbreviation
Sunday Sun
Monday Mon
Tuesday Tue, Tues
Wednesday Wed, Weds
Thursday Thu, Thur, Thurs
Friday Fri
Saturday Sat

Table A-3 shows the tokens that serve various modifier purposes.

Table A-3. Date/Time Field Modifiers

Identifier Description
ABSTIME Key word ignored
AM Time is before 12:00
AT Key word ignored
JULIAN, JD, J Next field is Julian Day
ON Key word ignored
PM Time is on or after after 12:00
T Next field is time

The key word ABSTIME is ignored for historical reasons; in very old releases of PostgreSQL invalid fields of type abstime were emitted as Invalid Abstime. This is no longer the case however and this key word will likely be dropped in a future release.

Table A-4 shows the time zone abbreviations recognized by PostgreSQL. PostgreSQL contains internal tabular information for time zone decoding, since there is no standard operating system interface to provide access to general, cross-time zone information. The underlying operating system is used to provide time zone information for output, however.

The table is organized by time zone offset from UTC, rather than alphabetically; this is intended to facilitate matching local usage with recognized abbreviations for cases where these might differ.

Table A-4. Time Zone Abbreviations

Time Zone Offset from UTC Description
NZDT +13:00 New Zealand Daylight Time
IDLE +12:00 International Date Line, East
NZST +12:00 New Zealand Standard Time
NZT +12:00 New Zealand Time
AESST +11:00 Australia Eastern Summer Standard Time
ACSST +10:30 Central Australia Summer Standard Time
CADT +10:30 Central Australia Daylight Savings Time
SADT +10:30 South Australian Daylight Time
AEST +10:00 Australia Eastern Standard Time
EAST +10:00 East Australian Standard Time
GST +10:00 Guam Standard Time, USSR Zone 9
LIGT +10:00 Melbourne, Australia
SAST +09:30 South Australia Standard Time
CAST +09:30 Central Australia Standard Time
AWSST +09:00 Australia Western Summer Standard Time
JST +09:00 Japan Standard Time,USSR Zone 8
KST +09:00 Korea Standard Time
MHT +09:00 Kwajalein Time
WDT +09:00 West Australian Daylight Time
MT +08:30 Moluccas Time
AWST +08:00 Australia Western Standard Time
CCT +08:00 China Coastal Time
WADT +08:00 West Australian Daylight Time
WST +08:00 West Australian Standard Time
JT +07:30 Java Time
ALMST +07:00 Almaty Summer Time
WAST +07:00 West Australian Standard Time
CXT +07:00 Christmas (Island) Time
MMT +06:30 Myannar Time
ALMT +06:00 Almaty Time
MAWT +06:00 Mawson (Antarctica) Time
IOT +05:00 Indian Chagos Time
MVT +05:00 Maldives Island Time
TFT +05:00 Kerguelen Time
AFT +04:30 Afganistan Time
EAST +04:00 Antananarivo Savings Time
MUT +04:00 Mauritius Island Time
RET +04:00 Reunion Island Time
SCT +04:00 Mahe Island Time
IRT, IT +03:30 Iran Time
EAT +03:00 Antananarivo, Comoro Time
BT +03:00 Baghdad Time
EETDST +03:00 Eastern Europe Daylight Savings Time
HMT +03:00 Hellas Mediterranean Time (?)
BDST +02:00 British Double Standard Time
CEST +02:00 Central European Savings Time
CETDST +02:00 Central European Daylight Savings Time
EET +02:00 Eastern Europe, USSR Zone 1
FWT +02:00 French Winter Time
IST +02:00 Israel Standard Time
MEST +02:00 Middle Europe Summer Time
METDST +02:00 Middle Europe Daylight Time
SST +02:00 Swedish Summer Time
BST +01:00 British Summer Time
CET +01:00 Central European Time
DNT +01:00 Dansk Normal Tid
FST +01:00 French Summer Time
MET +01:00 Middle Europe Time
MEWT +01:00 Middle Europe Winter Time
MEZ +01:00 Middle Europe Zone
NOR +01:00 Norway Standard Time
SET +01:00 Seychelles Time
SWT +01:00 Swedish Winter Time
WETDST +01:00 Western Europe Daylight Savings Time
GMT +00:00 Greenwich Mean Time
UT +00:00 Universal Time
UTC +00:00 Universal Time, Coordinated
Z +00:00 Same as UTC
ZULU +00:00 Same as UTC
WET +00:00 Western Europe
WAT -01:00 West Africa Time
NDT -02:30 Newfoundland Daylight Time
ADT -03:00 Atlantic Daylight Time
AWT -03:00 (unknown)
NFT -03:30 Newfoundland Standard Time
NST -03:30 Newfoundland Standard Time
AST -04:00 Atlantic Standard Time (Canada)
ACST -04:00 Atlantic/Porto Acre Summer Time
ACT -05:00 Atlantic/Porto Acre Standard Time
EDT -04:00 Eastern Daylight Time
CDT -05:00 Central Daylight Time
EST -05:00 Eastern Standard Time
CST -06:00 Central Standard Time
MDT -06:00 Mountain Daylight Time
MST -07:00 Mountain Standard Time
PDT -07:00 Pacific Daylight Time
AKDT -08:00 Alaska Daylight Time
PST -08:00 Pacific Standard Time
YDT -08:00 Yukon Daylight Time
AKST -09:00 Alaska Standard Time
HDT -09:00 Hawaii/Alaska Daylight Time
YST -09:00 Yukon Standard Time
MART -09:30 Marquesas Time
AHST -10:00 Alaska-Hawaii Standard Time
HST -10:00 Hawaii Standard Time
CAT -10:00 Central Alaska Time
NT -11:00 Nome Time
IDLW -12:00 International Date Line, West

Australian Time Zones. There are three naming conflicts between Australian time zone names with time zones commonly used in North and South America: ACST, CST, and EST. If the run-time option AUSTRALIAN_TIMEZONES is set to true then ACST, CST, EST, and SAT are interpreted as Australian time zone names, as shown in Table A-5. If it is false (which is the default), then ACST, CST, and EST are taken as American time zone names, and SAT is interpreted as a noise word indicating Saturday.

Table A-5. Australian Time Zone Abbreviations

Time Zone Offset from UTC Description
ACST +09:30 Central Australia Standard Time
CST +10:30 Australian Central Standard Time
EST +10:00 Australian Eastern Standard Time
SAT +09:30 South Australian Standard Time
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