== PostgreSQL Weekly News - March 18 2018 ==

From: David Fetter <david(at)fetter(dot)org>
To: PostgreSQL Announce <pgsql-announce(at)postgresql(dot)org>
Subject: == PostgreSQL Weekly News - March 18 2018 ==
Date: 2018-03-18 22:15:06
Message-ID: 20180318221506.GA24540@fetter.org
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== PostgreSQL Weekly News - March 18 2018 ==

PGConf US 2018 will be held in Jersey City, NJ, USA April 16-20, 2018.
Registration is open.
https://pgconf.org/conferences/2018

== PostgreSQL Product News ==

pg_back 1.5, a backup script for PostgreSQL, released.
https://github.com/orgrim/pg_back

pspg 1.0.0, a pager designed for PostgreSQL, released.
https://github.com/okbob/pspg

BDR 1.0.5, a replicated database system based on PostgreSQL using
logical WALs, released.
https://www.2ndquadrant.com/en/resources/bdr/

== PostgreSQL Jobs for March ==

http://archives.postgresql.org/pgsql-jobs/2018-03/

== PostgreSQL Local ==

PGConf APAC 2018 will be held in Singapore March 22-23, 2018.
http://2018.pgconfapac.org/

The German-speaking PostgreSQL Conference 2018 will take place on April 13th,
2018 in Berlin.
http://2018.pgconf.de/

PGConfNepal 2018 will be held May 4-5, 2018 at Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel,
Nepal.
https://postgresconf.org/conferences/Nepal2018

PGCon 2018 will take place in Ottawa on May 29 - June 1, 2018.
https://www.pgcon.org/2018/

Swiss PGDay 2018 will take place in Rapperswil (near Zurich) on June 29, 2018.
The CfP is open February 6, 2018 through April 14, 2018, and registration is
open February 6, 2018 through June 28, 2018.
http://www.pgday.ch/2018/

PGConf.Brazil 2018 will take place in São Paulo, Brazil on August 3-4 2018.
http://pgconf.com.br

== PostgreSQL in the News ==

Planet PostgreSQL: http://planet.postgresql.org/

PostgreSQL Weekly News is brought to you this week by David Fetter

Submit news and announcements by Sunday at 3:00pm EST5EDT. Please send English
language ones to david(at)fetter(dot)org, German language to pwn(at)pgug(dot)de, Italian
language to pwn(at)itpug(dot)org(dot)

== Applied Patches ==

Álvaro Herrera pushed:

- Remove doc sentence no longer applicable. Amit Langote
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/c4af6960e3d82968c51995937c12bd4885183caa

- docs: Fix typo: a -> an. David Rowley
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/3beb46ae8118f64d94518ba105b5e5c79e2ce194

- doc: Reword restriction on partition keys in unique indexes. New wording from
David G. Johnston, who noticed the unreadable original also. Include his
suggested test case as well. Fix a typo I noticed elsewhere while doing this.
Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/CAKFQuwY4Ld7ecxL_KAmaxwt0FUu5VcPPN2L4dh+3BeYbrdBa5g@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/63cbee6a786028790abc6ae9b9606366bae5e01d

- Avoid having two PKs in a partition. If a table containing a primary key is
attach as partition to a partitioned table which has a primary key with a
different definition, we would happily create a second one in the new
partition. Oops. It turns out that this is because an error check in
DefineIndex is executed only if you tell it that it's being run by ALTER
TABLE, and the original code here wasn't. Change it so that it does. Added a
couple of test cases for this, also. A previously working test started to
fail in a different way than before patch because the new check is called
earlier; change the PK to plain UNIQUE so that the new behavior isn't invoked,
so that the test continues to verify what we want it to verify. Reported by:
Noriyoshi Shinoda Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/DF4PR8401MB102060EC2615EC9227CC73F7EEDF0@DF4PR8401MB1020.NAMPRD84.PROD.OUTLOOK.COM
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/1f8a3327a9db9a8a662fb39fdcde2337acffa68c

- Log when a BRIN autosummarization request fails. Autovacuum's 'workitem'
request queue is of limited size, so requests can fail if they arrive more
quickly than autovacuum can process them. Emit a log message when this
happens, to provide better visibility of this. Backpatch to 10. While this
represents an API change for AutoVacuumRequestWork, that function is not yet
prepared to deal with external modules calling it, so there doesn't seem to be
any risk (other than log spam, that is.) Author: Masahiko Sawada Reviewed-by:
Fabrízio Mello, Ildar Musin, Álvaro Herrera Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/CAD21AoB1HrQhp6_4rTyHN5kWEJCEsG8YzsjZNt-ctoXSn5Uisw@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/484a4a08abe316212d67d84bb8705b06e44f862d

- logical replication: fix OID type mapping mechanism. The logical replication
type map seems to have been misused by its only caller -- it would try to use
the remote OID as input for local type routines, which unsurprisingly could
result in bogus "cache lookup failed for type XYZ" errors, or random other
type names being picked up if they happened to use the right OID. Fix that,
changing Oid logicalrep_typmap_getid(Oid remoteid) to char
*logicalrep_typmap_gettypname(Oid remoteid) which is more useful. If the
remote type is not part of the typmap, this simply prints "unrecognized type"
instead of choking trying to figure out -- a pointless exercise (because the
only input for that comes from replication messages, which are not under the
local node's control) and dangerous to boot, when called from within an error
context callback. Once that is done, it comes to light that the local OID in
the typmap entry was not being used for anything; the type/schema names are
what we need, so remove local type OID from that struct. Once you do that, it
becomes pointless to attach a callback to regular syscache invalidation. So
remove that also. Reported-by: Dang Minh Huong Author: Masahiko Sawada
Reviewed-by: Álvaro Herrera, Petr Jelínek, Dang Minh Huong, Atsushi Torikoshi
Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/75DB81BEEA95B445AE6D576A0A5C9E936A6BE964@BPXM05GP.gisp.nec.co.jp
Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/75DB81BEEA95B445AE6D576A0A5C9E936A6C4B0A@BPXM05GP.gisp.nec.co.jp
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/24c0a6c649768f428929e76dd7f5012ec9b93ce1

- test_ddl_deparse: Don't use pg_class as source for a matview. Doing so causes
a pg_upgrade of a database containing these objects to fail whenever pg_class
changes. And it's pointless anyway: we have more interesting tables anyhow.
Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/CAD5tBc+s8pW9WvH2+_z=B4x95FD4QuzZKcaMpff_9H4rS0VU1A@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/e69f5e0efcaf3f26381e56a1507cdf401bf1bdfd

- restrict -> pg_restrict. So that it works on MSVC, too. Author: Michaël
Paquier Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/29889.1520968202@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/8d1b805fcc57be47d3269a13eb01d993fe768295

- test_ddl_deparse: rename matview. Should have done this in e69f5e0efca ...
Per note from Tom Lane.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/a446a1c70f65c6c68598c2160b530606fa1b5c38

Peter Eisentraut pushed:

- Fix CREATE TABLE / LIKE with bigint identity column. CREATE TABLE / LIKE with
a bigint identity column would fail on platforms where long is 32 bits.
Copying the sequence values used makeInteger(), which would truncate the
64-bit sequence data to 32 bits. To fix, use makeFloat() instead, like the
parser. (This does not actually make use of floats, but stores the values as
strings.) Bug: #15096 Reviewed-by: Michael Paquier <michael(at)paquier(dot)xyz>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/377b5ac4845c5ffbf992ee95c32d7d16d38b9081

- Change internal integer representation of Value node. A Value node would
store an integer as a long. This causes needless portability risks, as long
can be of varying sizes. Change it to use int instead. All code using this
was already careful to only store 32-bit values anyway. Reviewed-by: Michael
Paquier <michael(at)paquier(dot)xyz>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/6cf86f435472b27bbc5e22c713bca08aa2d94af7

- Fix compiler warning.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/8df5a1c868cc28f89ac6221cff8e2b5c952d0eb6

- Support INOUT arguments in procedures. In a top-level CALL, the values of
INOUT arguments will be returned as a result row. In PL/pgSQL, the values are
assigned back to the input arguments. In other languages, the same convention
as for return a record from a function is used. That does not require any
code changes in the PL implementations. Reviewed-by: Pavel Stehule
<pavel(dot)stehule(at)gmail(dot)com>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/33803f67f1c4cb88733cce61207bbf2bd5b599cc

- Remove pg_class.relhaspkey. It is not used for anything internally, and it
cannot be relied on for external uses, so it can just be removed. To correct
recommended way to check for a primary key is in pg_index. Discussion:
https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/flat/b1a24c6c-6913-f89c-674e-0704f0ed69db(at)2ndquadrant(dot)com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/f66e8bf875f691db4c5d0173fc39b5a9c3ec969c

- Fix more format truncation issues. Fix the warnings created by the compiler
warning options -Wformat-overflow=2 -Wformat-truncation=2, supported since GCC
7. This is a more aggressive variant of the fixes in
6275f5d28a1577563f53f2171689d4f890a46881, which GCC 7 warned about by default.
The issues are all harmless, but some dubious coding patterns are cleaned up.
One issue that is of external interest is that BGW_MAXLEN is increased from 64
to 96. Apparently, the old value would cause the bgw_name of logical
replication workers to be truncated in some circumstances. But this doesn't
actually add those warning options. It appears that the warnings depend a bit
on compilation and optimization options, so it would be annoying to have to
keep up with that. This is more of a once-in-a-while cleanup. Reviewed-by:
Michael Paquier <michael(at)paquier(dot)xyz>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/3a4b891964a531aa7d242a48fcd9e41379863ead

- Move strtoint() to common. Several places used similar code to convert a
string to an int, so take the function that we already had and make it
globally available. Reviewed-by: Michael Paquier <michael(at)paquier(dot)xyz>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/17bb62501787c56e0518e61db13a523d47afd724

- Add tests for reinit.c. This tests how the different forks of unlogged tables
behave in crash recovery. Author: David Steele <david(at)pgmasters(dot)net>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/df411e7c664ee9a2395eb8c7a74ceddea818d489

- Rename TransactionChain functions. We call this thing a "transaction block"
everywhere except in a few functions, where it is mysteriously called a
"transaction chain". In the SQL standard, a transaction chain is something
different. So rename these functions to match the common terminology.
Reviewed-by: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre(at)alvh(dot)no-ip(dot)org>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/04700b685f31508036456bea4d92533e5ceee9d6

- Improve savepoint error messages. Include the savepoint name in the error
message and rephrase it a bit to match common style. Reviewed-by: Alvaro
Herrera <alvherre(at)alvh(dot)no-ip(dot)org>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/81148856b0310e7b0e578508ace44c0aefcbee07

- Change transaction state debug strings to match enum symbols. In some cases,
these were different for no apparent reason, making debugging unnecessarily
mysterious. Reviewed-by: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre(at)alvh(dot)no-ip(dot)org>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/4120864b9e0a2a119786a1839d7c0988d0523ec0

- Simplify parse representation of savepoint commands. Instead of embedding the
savepoint name in a list and then requiring complex code to unpack it, just
add another struct field to store it directly. Reviewed-by: Alvaro Herrera
<alvherre(at)alvh(dot)no-ip(dot)org>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/ec87efde8dbc670467468860c5d577dc805dae5e

- Update function comments. After a6542a4b6870a019cd952d055d2e7af2da2fe102,
some function comments were misplaced. Fix that. Reviewed-by: Alvaro Herrera
<alvherre(at)alvh(dot)no-ip(dot)org>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/8d47a908626bf0800dc6a01f4ff2b2bc15cdaf86

- Add ssl_passphrase_command setting. This allows specifying an external
command for prompting for or otherwise obtaining passphrases for SSL key
files. This is useful because in many cases there is no TTY easily available
during service startup. Also add a setting
ssl_passphrase_command_supports_reload, which allows supporting SSL
configuration reload even if SSL files need passphrases. Reviewed-by: Daniel
Gustafsson <daniel(at)yesql(dot)se>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/8a3d9425290ff5f6434990349886afae9e1c6008

- Set libpq sslcompression to off by default. Since SSL compression is no
longer recommended, turn the default in libpq from on to off. OpenSSL 1.1.0
and many distribution packages already turn compression off by default, so
such a server won't accept compression anyway. So this will mainly affect
users of older OpenSSL installations. Also update the documentation to make
clear that this setting is no longer recommended. Discussion:
https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/flat/595cf3b1-4ffe-7f05-6f72-f72b7afa7993%402ndquadrant.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/e3bdb2d92600ed45bd46aaf48309a436a9628218

Michael Meskes pushed:

- Set connection back to NULL after freeing it. Patch by Jeevan Ladhe
<jeevan(dot)ladhe(at)enterprisedb(dot)com>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/b32fad52e94307261471d05a79c70f8382d71657

- Fix double frees in ecpg. Patch by Patrick Krecker <patrick(at)judicata(dot)com>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/db2fc801f66a70969cbdd5673ed9d02025c70695

- Fixed compiler warnings in test case.
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/20ba33dadedc46bad2eba5ca3c42bc500c36ade0

- Add Oracle like handling of char arrays. In some cases Oracle Pro*C handles
char array differently than ECPG. This patch adds a Oracle compatibility mode
to make ECPG behave like Pro*C. Patch by David Rader <davidr(at)openscg(dot)com>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/3b7ab4380440d7b14ee390fabf39f6d87d7491e2

- Fix closing of incorrectly named cursor. Patch by "Shinoda, Noriyoshi"
<noriyoshi(dot)shinoda(at)hpe(dot)com>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/e400840b1d92cb6a654c30a6aca68ba31eb8afbb

Tom Lane pushed:

- Avoid holding AutovacuumScheduleLock while rechecking table statistics. In
databases with many tables, re-fetching the statistics takes some time, so
that this behavior seriously decreases the available concurrency for multiple
autovac workers. There's discussion afoot about more complete fixes, but a
simple and back-patchable amelioration is to claim the table and release the
lock before rechecking stats. If we find out there's no longer a reason to
process the table, re-taking the lock to un-claim the table is cheap enough.
(This patch is quite old, but got lost amongst a discussion of more aggressive
fixes. It's not clear when or if such a fix will be accepted, but in any case
it'd be unlikely to get back-patched. Let's do this now so we have some
improvement for the back branches.) In passing, make the normal un-claim step
take AutovacuumScheduleLock not AutovacuumLock, since that is what is
documented to protect the wi_tableoid field. This wasn't an actual bug in
view of the fact that readers of that field hold both locks, but it creates
some concurrency penalty against operations that need only AutovacuumLock.
Back-patch to all supported versions. Jeff Janes Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/26118.1520865816@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/38f7831d703be98aaece8af6625faeab5123a02c

- When updating reltuples after ANALYZE, just extrapolate from our sample. The
existing logic for updating pg_class.reltuples trusted the sampling results
only for the pages ANALYZE actually visited, preferring to believe the
previous tuple density estimate for all the unvisited pages. While there's
some rationale for doing that for VACUUM (first that VACUUM is likely to visit
a very nonrandom subset of pages, and second that we know for sure that the
unvisited pages did not change), there's no such rationale for ANALYZE: by
assumption, it's looked at an unbiased random sample of the table's pages.
Furthermore, in a very large table ANALYZE will have examined only a tiny
fraction of the table's pages, meaning it cannot slew the overall density
estimate very far at all. In a table that is physically growing, this causes
reltuples to increase nearly proportionally to the change in relpages,
regardless of what is actually happening in the table. This has been observed
to cause reltuples to become so much larger than reality that it effectively
shuts off autovacuum, whose threshold for doing anything is a fraction of
reltuples. (Getting to the point where that would happen seems to require
some additional, not well understood, conditions. But it's undeniable that if
reltuples is seriously off in a large table, ANALYZE alone will not fix it in
any reasonable number of iterations, especially not if the table is continuing
to grow.) Hence, restrict the use of vac_estimate_reltuples() to VACUUM alone,
and in ANALYZE, just extrapolate from the sample pages on the assumption that
they provide an accurate model of the whole table. If, by very bad luck, they
don't, at least another ANALYZE will fix it; in the old logic a single bad
estimate could cause problems indefinitely. In HEAD, let's remove
vac_estimate_reltuples' is_analyze argument altogether; it was never used for
anything and now it's totally pointless. But keep it in the back branches, in
case any third-party code is calling this function. Per bug #15005.
Back-patch to all supported branches. David Gould, reviewed by Alexander
Kuzmenkov, cosmetic changes by me Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/20180117164916.3fdcf2e9@engels
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/d04900de7d0cb5b6ecb6d5bf9fdb6f3105824f81

- Clean up duplicate role and schema names in regression tests. Since these
names are global, using the same ones in different regression tests creates a
hazard of test failures if any two such scripts run concurrently. Let's
establish a policy of not doing that. In the cases where a conflict existed,
I chose to rename both sides: in principle one script or the other could've
been left in possession of the common name, but that seems to just invite more
trouble of the same sort. There are a number of places where scripts are
using names that seem unduly generic, but in the absence of actual conflicts I
left them alone. In addition, fix insert.sql's use of "someone_else" as a
role name. That's a flat out violation of longstanding project policy, so
back-patch that change to v10 where the usage appeared. The rest of this is
just future-proofing, as no two of these scripts are actually run concurrently
in the existing parallel_schedule. Conflicts of schema-qualified names also
exist, but will be dealt with separately. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/4627.1521070268@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/fb7db40ad26c3384f81d471442743076ade3f82a

- Clean up duplicate table and function names in regression tests. Many of the
objects we create during the regression tests are put in the public schema, so
that using the same names in different regression tests creates a hazard of
test failures if any two such scripts run concurrently. This patch cleans up
a bunch of latent hazards of that sort, as well as two live hazards. The
current situation in this regard is far worse than it was a year or two back,
because practically all of the partitioning-related test cases have reused
table names with enthusiasm. I despaired of cleaning up that mess within the
five most-affected tests (create_table, alter_table, insert, update, inherit);
fortunately those don't run concurrently. Other than partitioning problems,
most of the issues boil down to using names like "foo", "bar", "tmp", etc,
without thought for the fact that other test scripts might use similar names
concurrently. I've made an effort to make all such names more specific. One
of the live hazards was that commit 7421f4b8 caused with.sql to create a table
named "test", conflicting with a similarly-named table in alter_table.sql;
this was exposed in the buildfarm recently. The other one was that join.sql
and transactions.sql both create tables named "foo" and "bar"; but join.sql's
uses of those names date back only to December or so. Since commit 7421f4b8
was back-patched to v10, back-patch a minimal fix for that problem. The rest
of this is just future-proofing. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/4627.1521070268@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/2cf8c7aa48559699f0607f5cb77b661156ad9750

- Fix msvc/ecpg_regression.proj for recent ECPG test additions. Commit
3b7ab4380 added some tests that require ecpg to be given the new "-C ORACLE"
switch. Teach the MSVC build infrastructure about that. Michael Paquier
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/8299.1521154647@sss.pgh.pa.us
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/84a3611cccfa41f29d14a5b1ab4bcc58fba9b25b

- Mop-up for letting VOID-returning SQL functions end with a SELECT. Part of
the intent in commit fd1a421fe was to allow SQL functions that are declared to
return VOID to contain anything, including an unrelated final SELECT, the same
as SQL-language procedures can. However, the planner's inlining logic didn't
get that memo. Fix it, and add some regression tests covering this area,
since evidently we had none. In passing, clean up some typos in comments in
create_function_3.sql, and get rid of its none-too-safe assumption that DROP
CASCADE notice output is immutably ordered. Per report from Prabhat Sahu.
Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/CANEvxPqxAj6nNHVcaXxpTeEFPmh24Whu+23emgjiuKrhJSct0A@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/877cdf11eaa9cabcb9b1e3c1bef0760fe08efdc3

- Doc: explicitly point out that enum values can't be dropped. This was not
stated in so many words anywhere. Document it to make clear that it's a
design limitation and not just an oversight or documentation omission.
Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/152089733343.1222.6927268289645380498@wrigleys.postgresql.org
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/013c0baaddd9df7e1f940184a8ab8e478214b46c

- Fix query-lifespan memory leakage in repeatedly executed hash joins.
ExecHashTableCreate allocated some memory that wasn't freed by
ExecHashTableDestroy, specifically the per-hash-key function information.
That's not a huge amount of data, but if one runs a query that repeats a hash
join enough times, it builds up. Fix by arranging for the data in question to
be kept in the hashtable's hashCxt instead of leaving it "loose" in the
query-lifespan executor context. (This ensures that we'll also clean up
anything that the hash functions allocate in fn_mcxt.) Per report from Amit
Khandekar. It's been like this forever, so back-patch to all supported
branches. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/CAJ3gD9cFofAWGvcxLOxDHC=B0hjtW8yGmUsF2hdGh97CM38=7g@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/9e17bdb8a525ff89c4535cd153dc0f2fa813ea59

- Fix WHERE CURRENT OF when the referenced cursor uses an index-only scan.
"UPDATE/DELETE WHERE CURRENT OF cursor_name" failed, with an error message
like "cannot extract system attribute from virtual tuple", if the cursor was
using a index-only scan for the target table. Fix it by digging the current
TID out of the indexscan state. It seems likely that the same failure could
occur for CustomScan plans and perhaps some FDW plan types, so that leaving
this to be treated as an internal error with an obscure message isn't as good
an idea as it first seemed. Hence, add a bit of heaptuple.c infrastructure to
let us deliver a more on-topic message. I chose to make the message match
what you get for the case where execCurrentOf can't identify the target scan
node at all, "cursor "foo" is not a simply updatable scan of table "bar"".
Perhaps it should be different, but we can always adjust that later. In the
future, it might be nice to provide hooks that would let custom scan providers
and/or FDWs deal with this in other ways; but that's not a suitable topic for
a back-patchable bug fix. It's been like this all along, so back-patch to all
supported branches. Yugo Nagata and Tom Lane Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/20180201013349.937dfc5f.nagata@sraoss.co.jp
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/8f5ac440430ab1d4b0309a76df278caa87018beb

- Fix overflow handling in plpgsql's integer FOR loops. The test to exit the
loop if the integer control value would overflow an int32 turns out not to
work on some ICC versions, as it's dependent on the assumption that the
compiler will execute the code as written rather than "optimize" it. ICC
lacks any equivalent of gcc's -fwrapv switch, so it was optimizing on the
assumption of no integer overflow, and that breaks this. Rewrite into a form
that in fact does not do any overflowing computations. Per Tomas Vondra and
buildfarm member fulmar. It's been like this for a long time, although it was
not till we added a regression test case covering the behavior (in commit
dd2243f2a) that the problem became apparent. Back-patch to all supported
versions. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/50562fdc-0876-9843-c883-15b8566c7511@2ndquadrant.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/2dbee9f19f6c6ac6c013f668611492486e623807

- Doc: note that statement-level view triggers require an INSTEAD OF trigger.
If a view lacks an INSTEAD OF trigger, DML on it can only work by rewriting
the command into a command on the underlying base table(s). Then we will fire
triggers attached to those table(s), not those for the view. This seems
appropriate from a consistency standpoint, but nowhere was the behavior
explicitly documented, so let's do that. There was some discussion of
throwing an error or warning if a statement trigger is created on a view
without creating a row INSTEAD OF trigger. But a simple implementation of
that would result in dump/restore ordering hazards. Given that it's been like
this all along, and we hadn't heard a complaint till now, a documentation
improvement seems sufficient. Per bug #15106 from Pu Qun. Back-patch to all
supported branches. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/152083391168.1215.16892140713507052796@wrigleys.postgresql.org
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/a4678320471380e5159a8d6e89466d74d6ee1739

Robert Haas pushed:

- Let Parallel Append over simple UNION ALL have partial subpaths. A simple
UNION ALL gets flattened into an appendrel of subquery RTEs, but up until now
it's been impossible for the appendrel to use the partial paths for the
subqueries, so we can implement the appendrel as a Parallel Append but only
one with non-partial paths as children. There are three separate obstacles to
removing that limitation. First, when planning a subquery, propagate any
partial paths to the final_rel so that they are potentially visible to outer
query levels (but not if they have initPlans attached, because that wouldn't
be safe). Second, after planning a subquery, propagate any partial paths for
the final_rel to the subquery RTE in the outer query level in the same way we
do for non-partial paths. Third, teach finalize_plan() to account for the
possibility that the fake parameter we use for rescan signalling when the plan
contains a Gather (Merge) node may be propagated from an outer query level.
Patch by me, reviewed and tested by Amit Khandekar, Rajkumar Raghuwanshi, and
Ashutosh Bapat. Test cases based on examples by Rajkumar Raghuwanshi.
Discussion:
http://postgr.es/m/CA+Tgmoa6L9A1nNCk3aTDVZLZ4KkHDn1+tm7mFyFvP+uQPS7bAg@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/0927d2f46ddd4cf7d6bf2cc84b3be923e0aedc52

- Pass additional arguments to a couple of grouping-related functions.
get_number_of_groups() and make_partial_grouping_target() currently fish
information directly out of the PlannerInfo; in the former case, the target
list, and in the latter case, the HAVING qual. This works fine if there's
only one grouping relation, but if the pending patch for partition-wise
aggregate gets committed, we'll have multiple grouping relations and must
therefore use appropriately translated versions of these values for each one.
To make that simpler, pass the values to be used as arguments. Jeevan Chalke.
The larger patch series of which this patch is a part was also reviewed and
tested by Antonin Houska, Rajkumar Raghuwanshi, David Rowley, Dilip Kumar,
Konstantin Knizhnik, Pascal Legrand, Rafia Sabih, and me. Discussion:
http://postgr.es/m/CAM2+6=UqFnFUypOvLdm5TgC+2M=-E0Q7_LOh0VDFFzmk2BBPzQ@mail.gmail.com
Discussion:
http://postgr.es/m/CAM2+6=W+L=C4yBqMrgrfTfNtbtmr4T53-hZhwbA2kvbZ9VMrrw@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/648a6c7bd815f98b35709bd56f9f1ca276b33ae6

- Split create_grouping_paths into degenerate and non-degenerate cases. There's
no functional change here, or at least I hope there isn't, just code
rearrangement. The rearrangement is motivated by partition-wise aggregate,
which doesn't need to consider the degenerate case but wants to reuse the
logic for the ordinary case. Based loosely on a patch from Ashutosh Bapat and
Jeevan Chalke, but I whacked it around pretty heavily. The larger patch series
of which this patch is a part was also reviewed and tested by Antonin Houska,
Rajkumar Raghuwanshi, David Rowley, Dilip Kumar, Konstantin Knizhnik, Pascal
Legrand, Rafia Sabih, and me. Discussion:
http://postgr.es/m/CAFjFpRewpqCmVkwvq6qrRjmbMDpN0CZvRRzjd8UvncczA3Oz1Q@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/1466bcfa4a83ba88b55cfcebb99080800627613a

Andres Freund pushed:

- Add COSTS off to two EXPLAIN using tests. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/20180312222023.i4sgkbl4oqtstus3@alap3.anarazel.de
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/4f63e85eb149792492a703f01a3a5b89bf5509a7

- Expand AND/OR regression tests around NULL handling. Previously there were no
tests verifying that NULL handling in AND/OR was correct (i.e. that NULL
rather than false is returned if expression doesn't return true). Author:
Andres Freund
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/1e22166e5ebbc3df7684209657ea58ba880546d6

- Add 'unit' parameter to ExplainProperty{Integer,Float}. This allows to
deduplicate some existing code, but mainly avoids some duplication in upcoming
commits. In passing, fix variable names indicating wrong unit (seconds
instead of ms). Author: Andres Freund Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/20180314002740.cah3mdsonz5mxney@alap3.anarazel.de
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/7a50bb690b4837d29e715293c156cff2fc72885c

- Make ExplainPropertyInteger accept 64bit input, remove *Long variant. 'long'
is not useful type across platforms, as it's 32bit on 32 bit platforms, and
even on some 64bit platforms (e.g. windows) it's still only 32bits wide. As
ExplainPropertyInteger should never be performance critical, change it to
accept a 64bit argument and remove ExplainPropertyLong. Author: Andres Freund
Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/20180314164832.n56wt7zcbpzi6zxe@alap3.anarazel.de
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/f3e4b95edb6cbf0cd41dc9ff0c884bfdc425e6fb

Stephen Frost pushed:

- Fix comment for ExecProcessReturning. resultRelInfo is the argument for the
function, not projectReturning. Author: Etsuro Fujita Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/5AA8E11E.1040609@lab.ntt.co.jp
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/97d18ce27da47de2de60de8dfca8e364e71ff6fe

- Fix function-header comments in planner.c. In b5635948ab1, a couple of
function header comments weren't changed, or weren't changed correctly, to
reflect the arguments being passed into the functions. Specifically,
get_number_of_groups() had the wrong argument name in the commit and
create_grouping_paths() wasn't updated even though the arguments had been
changed. The issue with create_grouping_paths() was noticed by Ashutosh
Bapat, while I discovered the issue with get_number_of_groups() by looking to
see if there were any similar issues from that commit. Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/CAFjFpRcbp4702jcp387PExt3fNCt62QJN8++DQGwBhsW6wRHWA@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/6b960aae90164cf85cf629e0af9286f97a9e51df

- Fix typo in add_paths_to_append_rel(). The comment should have been referring
to the number of workers, not the number of paths. Author: Ashutosh Bapat
Discussion:
https://postgr.es/m/CAFjFpRcbp4702jcp387PExt3fNCt62QJN8++DQGwBhsW6wRHWA@mail.gmail.com
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/1f7b8967ef192fad75f72dd5eb12b188647b3670

Magnus Hagander pushed:

- Fix pg_recvlogical for pre-10 versions. In e170b8c8, protection against
modified search_path was added. However, PostgreSQL versions prior to 10 does
not accept SQL commands over a replication connection, so the protection would
generate a syntax error. Since we cannot run SQL commands on it, we are also
not vulnerable to the issue that e170b8c8 fixes, so we can just skip this
command for older versions. Author: Michael Paquier <michael(at)paquier(dot)xyz>
https://git.postgresql.org/pg/commitdiff/8d2814f274def85f39fbe997d454b01628cb5667

== Pending Patches ==

Ashutosh Bapat sent in another revision of a patch to implement an advanced
partition matching algorithm for partition-wise join.

Amit Khandekar sent in another revision of a patch to fix a concurrency bug in
UPDATE of partition-key.

Ildus Kurbangaliev sent in another revision of a patch to support a prefix
operator for text with SP-GiST indexes.

Nikita Glukhov sent in another revision of a patch to add a JSONB TRANSFORM for
PL/PythonU.

Kyotaro HORIGUCHI sent in two more revisions of a patch to protect syscache from
bloating with negative cache entries.

Anthony Bykov and Nikita Glukhov traded patches to add a JSONB TRANSFORM for
PL/Perl.

John Naylor sent in two more revisions of a patch to rationalize how bootstrap
data is handled.

Ashutosh Bapat, Jeevan Chalke, and Robert Haas traded patches to implement
partition-wise aggregation/grouping.

Amul Sul sent in another revision of a patch to restrict concurrent
update/delete with UPDATE of partition key.

Takayuki Tsunakawa sent in another revision of a patch to reset the temp schema
in order to unblock autovacuum, the blocking of which could lead to XID
wraparound.

Anastasia Lubennikova sent in another revision of a patch to use base backup
exclusion filters to reduce data transferred with pg_rewind.

Oleg Ivanov sent in another revision of a patch to implement generic WAL
compression.

David Steele sent in another revision of a patch to exclude temporary relations
from base backup.

Peter Eisentraut sent in a patch to deal with some of the fallout from changing
to stdbool.h.

David Steele sent in another revision of a patch to add regression tests for
reinit.c.

Andrew Dunstan sent in two more revisions of a patch to make ALTER TABLE ... ADD
COLUMN ... DEFAULT [not null] work faster.

Amit Kapila sent in another revision of a patch to implement predicate locking
for hash indexes.

Ashutosh Bapat sent in another revision of a patch to fix an infelicity between
parallel append and a simple UNION ALL.

Amit Langote sent in two more revisions of a patch to lay down infrastructure
for faster partition pruning.

Robert Haas sent in another revision of a patch to enable parallel seq scan for
slow functions.

Nathan Bossart sent in another revision of a patch to enable pg_upgrade to
clusters with a different WAL segment size.

Ildus Kurbangaliev sent in another revision of a patch to implement custom
compression methods.

Thomas Munro sent in a patch to fix a performance regression in REFRESH
MATERIALIZED VIEW CONCURRENTLY.

Pavan Deolasee and Fabien COELHO traded patches to make inserts with
mostly-monotonically increasing values faster.

Amit Langote sent in another revision of a patch to fix a bug where inserts into
partitioned table could cause a crash.

David Steele sent in another revision of a patch to allow a configurable file
mode mask.

Michaël Paquier sent in another revision of a patch to fix an issue that
manifested as cascaded standby unable to start after a clean shutdown.

Nikita Glukhov sent in another revision of a patch to implement JSON_TABLE from
SQL/JSON.

Nikita Glukhov sent in another revision of a patch to implement json_path from
SQL/JSON.

Konstantin Knizhnik sent in a patch to make the implementation of
WaitLatchOrSocket more efficient.

Kyotaro HORIGUCHI and Michaël Paquier traded patches to fix a bug where
pg_get_functiondef forgets about most GUC_LIST_INPUT GUCs.

Nikita Glukhov sent in another revision of a patch to add functions from
SQL/JSON.

Daniel Gustafsson and Michael Banck traded patches to make it possible to enable
checksums online.

Peter Eisentraut sent in another revision of a patch to improve handling of heap
rewrites in logical decoding.

Kyotaro HORIGUCHI sent in a patch to fix an issue where PQHost() has undefined
behavior when the connect string contains both host and hostaddr types.

Michaël Paquier sent in a patch to fix a problem while setting the fpw with
SIGHUP.

Pavel Stěhule sent in another revision of a patch to add extra checks to
PL/pgsql.

Pavel Stěhule sent in a patch to give PROCEDUREs in PL/pgsql the same parameter
naming facilities functions have.

Shubham Barai sent in another revision of a patch to enable predicate locking on
GIN indexes.

Peter Eisentraut sent in a patch to enable nested CALL with transactions.

Daniel Gustafsson sent in a patch to make links to external pages in the
documents HTTPS where they had been HTTP.

Claudio Freire sent in another revision of a patch to enable VACUUM to use >1GB
of work_mem.

Fabien COELHO sent in another revision of a patch to manipulate random seeds in
pgbench.

Daniel Gustafsson and Chapman Flack traded patches to zero the headers of unused
pages after WAL switch, and add a test to ensure that WAL segment is zeroed out.

Hongyuan Ma sent in a patch against the performance farm code to add apps
directory, model classes, and a db_tools directory.

Michael Banck sent in another revision of a patch to verify checksums during
basebackups.

Huong Dangminh sent in a patch to fix an issue where it was possible to get a
segmentation fault when using GROUPING SETS with all unsortable columns.

Álvaro Herrera sent in another revision of a patch to implement ON CONFLICT DO
UPDATE for partitioned tables.

Joe Wildish sent in another revision of a patch to implement SQL ASSERTIONs.

Alexander Kuzmenkov sent in a patch to fix an issue where IndexJoin had a memory
problem using SP-GiST and boxes.

Isaac Morland sent in a PoC patch to make more flexible permissions for REFRESH
MATERIALIZED VIEW.

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