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why index scan not working when using 'like'?

From: LIANHE SHAO <lshao2(at)jhmi(dot)edu>
To: pgsql-performance(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: why index scan not working when using 'like'?
Date: 2003-11-25 19:48:49
Message-ID: 3d83693d9fe0.3d9fe03d8369@jhmimail.jhmi.edu (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-performance
Hi all,

I want to use index on the gene_symbol column in my
query and gene_symbol is indexed. but when I use
lower (gene_symbol) like lower('%mif%'), the index
is not used. While when I change to
lower(gene_symbol) = lower('mif'), the index is used
and index scan works, but this is not what I like. I
want all the gene_symbols  containing substring
'mif' are pulled out, and not necessarily exactly match.

could anybody give me some hints how to deal with 
this. If I do not used index, it take too long for
the query.

   
PGA> explain select distinct probeset_id, chip,
gene_symbol, title, sequence_description, pfam from
affy_array_annotation where lower(gene_symbol) like
upper('%mif%');
                                       QUERY PLAN
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Unique  (cost=29576.44..29591.44 rows=86 width=265)
   ->  Sort  (cost=29576.44..29578.59 rows=857
width=265)
         Sort Key: probeset_id, chip, gene_symbol,
title, sequence_description, pfam
         ->  Seq Scan on affy_array_annotation 
(cost=0.00..29534.70 rows=857 width=265)
               Filter: (lower((gene_symbol)::text)
~~ 'MIF%'::text)
(5 rows)


PGA=> explain select distinct probeset_id, chip,
gene_symbol, title, sequence_description, pfam from
affy_array_annotation where lower(gene_symbol) =
upper('%mif%');
                                                   
 QUERY PLAN
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Unique  (cost=3433.44..3448.44 rows=86 width=265)
   ->  Sort  (cost=3433.44..3435.58 rows=857 width=265)
         Sort Key: probeset_id, chip, gene_symbol,
title, sequence_description, pfam
         ->  Index Scan using gene_symbol_idx_fun1
on affy_array_annotation  (cost=0.00..3391.70
rows=857 width=265)
               Index Cond:
(lower((gene_symbol)::text) = '%MIF%'::text)
(5 rows)





Regards,
William


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Next:From: Josh BerkusDate: 2003-11-25 19:51:40
Subject: Re: why index scan not working when using 'like'?
Previous:From: Torsten SchulzDate: 2003-11-25 19:39:05
Subject: [Fwd: Re: Optimize]

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