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libpq, ecpg and the bytea data type

From: Mark Richardson <markmapo(at)yahoo(dot)com>
To: pgsql-interfaces(at)postgresql(dot)org
Subject: libpq, ecpg and the bytea data type
Date: 2005-09-14 23:20:13
Message-ID: 20050914232013.31307.qmail@web53302.mail.yahoo.com (view raw or flat)
Thread:
Lists: pgsql-interfaces
I can't get the bytea type to behave as I would expect it to.  I've tried a number of things and this is what I've found (I should also say that I'm still using 7.4 - I plan on switching to 8.0.3 soon).
 
If I have a table defined...
CREATE TABLE myTable (myByteaField bytea NOT NULL);
 
then populate it...
COPY myTable (myByteaField) FROM stdin;

\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000

\011\101\206\155\136\035\071\135

\012\000\162\047\105\223\322\121

\.

 
Then query (using psql)
SELECT length(myByteaField) FROM stdin;
Length
--------
0
8
1
 
I'm assuming that this is because of the length function (seeing the '\0' causes strlen to be shorter than the actual data).
 
So I try to use the libpq interface, and when I execute the code
PQgetLength(pgresult, 0, 0)
the result is 0 (for record 0, field )
 
PQgetLength(pgresult, 2, 0)
The result is 1 (for record 2, field 0).  So this leads me to believe that the values are stored in the database as a string, and they are being terminated during the copy (I also tried inserts, with the same results).
 
On a last ditch effort, I used ECPG with the following code...
EXEC SQL BEGIN DECLARE SECTION;
char myByteaField_[3][8];
EXEC SQL END DECLARE SECTION;
 
EXEC SQL SELECT myByteaField INTO :myByteaField_ FROM myTable;
for (int i=0; i<3; i++)
  for (int j=0; j<8; j++)
    std::cout << myByteaField_[i][j] << "(" << int(myByteaField_[i][j] << ").";
std::cout << std::endl;
 
I get the following....
(0).(0).(0).(0).(0).(0).(0).(0).                            <- this is expected
\(92).0(48).1(49).1(49).A(65).\(92).2(50).0(48)  <- why escape sequence?
\(92).0(48).1(49).2(50).(0).(0).(0).(0)                <- dropped the last 6 bytes
 
So I'm pretty sure that the data is stored as a string, and it is being terminated at the '\0'.  ECPG not only has the same behavior, but the conversion of the data to a char array seems incorrect (maybe the ECPG pre-compiler is thinking that I want to_char() of the value of the byte array).
 
So my question is, how would you be able to store any  data in a bytea if it contained any bytes with the value of 0 (I'm sure there are images stored as bytea and they have 0 byte values).  I don't need to store an image, just these 8 bytes.
 
Thanks in advance for any help that you can offer (I've run out of things to try).

		
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Next:From: Greg Sabino MullaneDate: 2005-09-14 23:52:57
Subject: Re: Beta of DBD::Pg 1.44 available
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Subject: dbAppendTable return

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