> xbdelacour(at)yahoo(dot)com writes:
> > Hi everyone, I'm more or less new to PostgreSQL and am trying to setup a
> > rather large database for a data analysis application. Data is collected
> > and dropped into a single table, which will become ~20GB. Analysis happens
> > on a Windows client (over a network) that queries the data in chunks across
> > parallel connections. I'm running the DB on a dual gig p3 w/ 512 memory
> > under Redhat 6 (.0 I think).
> > I am setting 'echo 402653184 >/proc/sys/kernel/shmmax', which is being
> > reflected in top. I also specify '-B 48000' when starting postmaster.
> Hm. 384M shared memory request on a 512M machine. I'll bet that the
> kernel is deciding you don't need all that stuff in RAM, and is swapping
> out chunks of the shared memory region to make room for processes and
> its own disk buffering activity. Try a more reasonable -B setting, like
> maybe a quarter of your physical RAM, max. There's no percentage in -B
> large enough to risk getting swapped. Moreover, any physical RAM that
> does happen to be free will be exploited by the kernel for disk
> buffering at its level, so you aren't really saving any I/O by
> increasing Postgres' internal buffering.
FYI, I will complete a PostgreSQL performance tuning article this week
that will appear on the PostgreSQL web site. It will talk about the
problems if making -B too high, causing pages to be swapped out.
Bruce Momjian | http://candle.pha.pa.us
pgman(at)candle(dot)pha(dot)pa(dot)us | (610) 853-3000
+ If your life is a hard drive, | 830 Blythe Avenue
+ Christ can be your backup. | Drexel Hill, Pennsylvania 19026
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