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CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW

Name

CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW -- define a new materialized view

Synopsis

CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW table_name
    [ (column_name [, ...] ) ]
    [ WITH ( storage_parameter [= value] [, ... ] ) ]
    [ TABLESPACE tablespace_name ]
    AS query
    [ WITH [ NO ] DATA ]

Description

CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW defines a materialized view of a query. The query is executed and used to populate the view at the time the command is issued (unless WITH NO DATA is used) and may be refreshed later using REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW.

CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW is similar to CREATE TABLE AS, except that it also remembers the query used to initialize the view, so that it can be refreshed later upon demand. A materialized view has many of the same properties as a table, but there is no support for temporary materialized views or automatic generation of OIDs.

Parameters

table_name

The name (optionally schema-qualified) of the materialized view to be created.

column_name

The name of a column in the new materialized view. If column names are not provided, they are taken from the output column names of the query.

WITH ( storage_parameter [= value] [, ... ] )

This clause specifies optional storage parameters for the new materialized view; see Storage Parameters for more information. All parameters supported for CREATE TABLE are also supported for CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW with the exception of OIDS. See CREATE TABLE for more information.

TABLESPACE tablespace_name

The tablespace_name is the name of the tablespace in which the new materialized view is to be created. If not specified, default_tablespace is consulted.

query

A SELECT, TABLE, or VALUES command. This query will run within a security-restricted operation; in particular, calls to functions that themselves create temporary tables will fail.

WITH [ NO ] DATA

This clause specifies whether or not the materialized view should be populated at creation time. If not, the materialized view will be flagged as unscannable and cannot be queried until REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW is used.

Compatibility

CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW is a PostgreSQL extension.

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