The catalog pg_index contains part of the information about indexes. The rest is mostly in pg_class.
Table 48-26. pg_index Columns
|indexrelid||oid||pg_class.oid||The OID of the pg_class entry for this index|
|indrelid||oid||pg_class.oid||The OID of the pg_class entry for the table this index is for|
|indnatts||int2||The number of columns in the index (duplicates pg_class.relnatts)|
|indisunique||bool||If true, this is a unique index|
|indisprimary||bool||If true, this index represents the primary key of the table (indisunique should always be true when this is true)|
|indisexclusion||bool||If true, this index supports an exclusion constraint|
|indimmediate||bool||If true, the uniqueness check is enforced immediately on insertion (irrelevant if indisunique is not true)|
|indisclustered||bool||If true, the table was last clustered on this index|
|indisvalid||bool||If true, the index is currently valid for queries. False means the index is possibly incomplete: it must still be modified by INSERT/UPDATE operations, but it cannot safely be used for queries. If it is unique, the uniqueness property is not guaranteed true either.|
|indcheckxmin||bool||If true, queries must not use the index until the xmin of this pg_index row is below their TransactionXmin event horizon, because the table may contain broken HOT chains with incompatible rows that they can see|
|indisready||bool||If true, the index is currently ready for inserts. False means the index must be ignored by INSERT/UPDATE operations.|
|indislive||bool||If false, the index is in process of being dropped, and should be ignored for all purposes (including HOT-safety decisions)|
|indisreplident||bool||If true this index has been chosen as "replica identity" using ALTER TABLE ... REPLICA IDENTITY USING INDEX ...|
|indkey||int2vector||pg_attribute.attnum||This is an array of indnatts values that indicate which table columns this index indexes. For example a value of 1 3 would mean that the first and the third table columns make up the index key. A zero in this array indicates that the corresponding index attribute is an expression over the table columns, rather than a simple column reference.|
|indcollation||oidvector||pg_collation.oid||For each column in the index key, this contains the OID of the collation to use for the index.|
|indclass||oidvector||pg_opclass.oid||For each column in the index key, this contains the OID of the operator class to use. See pg_opclass for details.|
|indoption||int2vector||This is an array of indnatts values that store per-column flag bits. The meaning of the bits is defined by the index's access method.|
|indexprs||pg_node_tree||Expression trees (in
|indpred||pg_node_tree||Expression tree (in
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