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CREATE TABLESPACE

Name

CREATE TABLESPACE -- define a new tablespace

Synopsis

CREATE TABLESPACE tablespace_name [ OWNER user_name ] LOCATION 'directory'

Description

CREATE TABLESPACE registers a new cluster-wide tablespace. The tablespace name must be distinct from the name of any existing tablespace in the database cluster.

A tablespace allows superusers to define an alternative location on the file system where the data files containing database objects (such as tables and indexes) can reside.

A user with appropriate privileges can pass tablespace_name to CREATE DATABASE, CREATE TABLE, CREATE INDEX or ADD CONSTRAINT to have the data files for these objects stored within the specified tablespace.

Parameters

tablespace_name

The name of a tablespace to be created. The name cannot begin with pg_, as such names are reserved for system tablespaces.

user_name

The name of the user who will own the tablespace. If omitted, defaults to the user executing the command. Only superusers can create tablespaces, but they can assign ownership of tablespaces to non-superusers.

directory

The directory that will be used for the tablespace. The directory should be empty and must be owned by the PostgreSQL system user. The directory must be specified by an absolute path name.

Notes

Tablespaces are only supported on systems that support symbolic links.

CREATE TABLESPACE cannot be executed inside a transaction block.

Examples

Create a tablespace dbspace at /data/dbs:

CREATE TABLESPACE dbspace LOCATION '/data/dbs';

Create a tablespace indexspace at /data/indexes owned by user genevieve:

CREATE TABLESPACE indexspace OWNER genevieve LOCATION '/data/indexes';

Compatibility

CREATE TABLESPACE is a PostgreSQL extension.

Comments


Irene Kam
March 1, 2014, 7:20 p.m.

On Windows platform, double back slashes are needed when specifying directory locations for tablespaces. Example: CREATE TABLESPACE mytablespace OWNER someowner LOCATION 'C:\\Program Files\\PostgreSQL\\9.3\\data\\mytablespace';

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