This chapter provides an overview of how to use SQL to perform simple operations. This tutorial is only intended to give you an introduction and is in no way a complete tutorial on SQL. Numerous books have been written on SQL, including Understanding the New SQL and A Guide to the SQL Standard. You should be aware that some PostgreSQL language features are extensions to the standard.
In the examples that follow, we assume that you have created a database named mydb, as described in the previous chapter, and have been able to start psql.
Examples in this manual can also be found in the PostgreSQL source distribution in the directory src/tutorial/. To use those files, first change to that directory and run make:
$ cd ..../src/tutorial $ make
This creates the scripts and compiles the C files containing user-defined functions and types. (If you installed a pre-packaged version of PostgreSQL rather than building from source, look for a directory named tutorial within the PostgreSQL distribution. The "make" part should already have been done for you.) Then, to start the tutorial, do the following:
$ cd ..../tutorial $ psql -s mydb ... mydb=> \i basics.sql
The \i command reads in commands from the specified file. psql's -s option puts you in single step mode which pauses before sending each statement to the server. The commands used in this section are in the file basics.sql.
with debian, basics.sql can be found at /usr/share/doc/postgresql-doc-8.4/tutorial/basics.source
On Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid, to avoid any of the following errors with make.
1. make: pg_config: Command not found
you have to install libpq-dev
2. pgxs.mk: no such file or directory
postgresql-server-dev-8.4 has to be installed