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40.6. PL/Perl Triggers

PL/Perl can be used to write trigger functions. In a trigger function, the hash reference $_TD contains information about the current trigger event. $_TD is a global variable, which gets a separate local value for each invocation of the trigger. The fields of the $_TD hash reference are:

$_TD->{new}{foo}

NEW value of column foo

$_TD->{old}{foo}

OLD value of column foo

$_TD->{name}

Name of the trigger being called

$_TD->{event}

Trigger event: INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, TRUNCATE, or UNKNOWN

$_TD->{when}

When the trigger was called: BEFORE, AFTER, or UNKNOWN

$_TD->{level}

The trigger level: ROW, STATEMENT, or UNKNOWN

$_TD->{relid}

OID of the table on which the trigger fired

$_TD->{table_name}

Name of the table on which the trigger fired

$_TD->{relname}

Name of the table on which the trigger fired. This has been deprecated, and could be removed in a future release. Please use $_TD->{table_name} instead.

$_TD->{table_schema}

Name of the schema in which the table on which the trigger fired, is

$_TD->{argc}

Number of arguments of the trigger function

@{$_TD->{args}}

Arguments of the trigger function. Does not exist if $_TD->{argc} is 0.

Row-level triggers can return one of the following:

return;

Execute the operation

"SKIP"

Don't execute the operation

"MODIFY"

Indicates that the NEW row was modified by the trigger function

Here is an example of a trigger function, illustrating some of the above:

CREATE TABLE test (
    i int,
    v varchar
);

CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION valid_id() RETURNS trigger AS $$
    if (($_TD->{new}{i} >= 100) || ($_TD->{new}{i} <= 0)) {
        return "SKIP";    # skip INSERT/UPDATE command
    } elsif ($_TD->{new}{v} ne "immortal") {
        $_TD->{new}{v} .= "(modified by trigger)";
        return "MODIFY";  # modify row and execute INSERT/UPDATE command
    } else {
        return;           # execute INSERT/UPDATE command
    }
$$ LANGUAGE plperl;

CREATE TRIGGER test_valid_id_trig
    BEFORE INSERT OR UPDATE ON test
    FOR EACH ROW EXECUTE PROCEDURE valid_id();

Comments


Aug. 17, 2009, 11:27 a.m.

You can check and debug, and get idea of data structures using pl/PerlU:

use Data::Dumper;
die Dumper $_TD;
(You will receive exception with debug info, for example status constants not mentioned in docs)

Arrays passed to triggers become strings like: '{1,15,25}'
my $old = $_TD-&gt;
if($old-&gt;&amp;&amp;$old-&gt;=~/^\{/){
$old-&gt; =~ s/\{\}//g;
my @digits = split(",",$old-&gt;));
}

Boolean values passed to triggers looks like: 't' or 'f' strings.
if$old-&gt; = 't' if($old-&gt; eq 't');

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