SQL92 defines two primary character types: char and varchar. Postgres supports these types, in addition to the more general text type, which unlike varchar does not require an explicit declared upper limit on the size of the field.
Table 3-5. Postgres Character Types
|char||1 byte||SQL92-compatible||Single character|
|char(n)||(4+n) bytes||SQL92-compatible||Fixed-length blank padded|
|text||(4+x) bytes||Best choice||Variable-length|
|varchar(n)||(4+n) bytes||SQL92-compatible||Variable-length with limit|
There is one other fixed-length character type in Postgres. The name type only has one purpose and that is for storage of internal catalog names. It is not intended for use by the general user. Its length is currently defined as 32 bytes (31 characters plus terminator) but should be reference using NAMEDATALEN. The length is set at compile time (and is therefore adjustable for special uses); the default maximum length may change in a future release.
Table 3-6. Postgres Specialty Character Type
|name||32 bytes||Thirty-one character internal type|