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CREATE VIEW

Name

CREATE VIEW — Constructs a virtual table
CREATE VIEW view
    AS SELECT query
  

Inputs

view

The name of a view to be created.

query

An SQL query which will provide the columns and rows of the view.

Refer to the SELECT statement for more information about valid arguments.

Outputs

CREATE

The message returned if the view is successfully created.

ERROR: Relation 'view' already exists

This error occurs if the view specified already exists in the database.

NOTICE create: attribute named "column" has an unknown type

The view will be created having a column with an unknown type if you do not specify it. For example, the following command gives an error:

CREATE VIEW vista AS SELECT 'Hello World'
        
whereas this command does not:
CREATE VIEW vista AS SELECT 'Hello World'::text
        

Description

CREATE VIEW will define a view of a table. This view is not physically materialized. Specifically, a query rewrite retrieve rule is automatically generated to support retrieve operations on views.

Notes

Use the DROP VIEW statement to drop views.

Bugs

Currently, views are read only.

Usage

Create a view consisting of all Comedy films:

CREATE VIEW kinds AS
    SELECT *
    FROM films
    WHERE kind = 'Comedy';

SELECT * FROM kinds;

code |title                    |did| date_prod|kind      |len
-----+-------------------------+---+----------+----------+------
UA502|Bananas                  |105|1971-07-13|Comedy    | 01:22
C_701|There's a Girl in my Soup|107|1970-06-11|Comedy    | 01:36
   

Compatibility

SQL92

SQL92 specifies some additional capabilities for the CREATE VIEW statement:

CREATE VIEW view [ column [, ...] ]
    AS SELECT expression [ AS colname ] [, ...]
    FROM table [ WHERE condition ]
    [ WITH [ CASCADE | LOCAL ] CHECK OPTION ]
   

The optional clauses for the full SQL92 command are:

CHECK OPTION

This option is to do with updatable views. All INSERTs and UPDATEs on the view will be checked to ensure data satisfy the view-defining condition. If they do not, the update will be rejected.

LOCAL

Check for integrity on this view.

CASCADE

Check for integrity on this view and on any dependent view. CASCADE is assumed if neither CASCADE nor LOCAL is specified.

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